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***NEW:   Peter #36  (10/2/21)

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Biblical Interpretation XIV

[posted 10/9/21]

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Question #1:

Hi Bob,

Peace to you!

Can you help me out regarding a question on Greek word: ὑπηρέτας

1 Cor 4:1 servant (ὑπηρέτας) from ὑπό (under) and ēressō, "to row" = under rower, assistant rower, subordinate rower:

Leon Morris: a lower class of servant

Barclay: the lower bank of trireme

Is it true that in classic literature, it is not in use for that. In NT: not too distinguish with διάκονος / diakonos / deacon (does not have the meaning of "lower").

Is this statement accurate?

Many thanks

Response #1:

You're correct. In the NT the word hyperetes means "servant" and is a synonym for diakonos ("deacon"). My sense of it is that hyperetes tends to be more of an "official" position than diakonos (although there are examples where that is reversed for both words). But the "naval" aspect of hyperetes is not present in any of its usages in the NT, and that is often the case in Classical literature as well; also with the corresponding verb, "to serve": hypereteo, which has nothing to do with rowing. So one has to take instances in their context.

How are you doing?

I keep you in my prayers every day.

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #2:

Hi Bob,

Thank you very much for your email. I was told that it is not a good word study method to break down the Greek compound word. Is it true?

Thank you again for remembering me in your prayers every day. It means so much to me. I need it very much.

God bless

Response #2:

The etymology of a Greek word may be helpful in illustrating its meaning, but a word in any language "means what it means" as it is actually used by those who speak the language in question – and often original etymologies are overlooked or even entirely forgotten in how we actually use words. So this practice word study you mention is indeed often overdone, as I have noticed, especially in Christian circles.

For example, the English word "obnoxious" means "extremely unpleasant". However, it comes from a Latin word spelled almost exactly the same combining "ob" ("against / relating to") and "noxa" ("harm") and comes to mean "guilty" in Latin, and even more often "dependent". But it would be wrong to conclude that if someone calls me "obnoxious" they mean to say that I am guilty of something because I am "responsible for harm" by appealing to the etymology, or even worse "dependent upon them" because that is the way the word was often used in Latin.

I'm happy to keep you on my personal prayer list, my friend!

Wishing you a blessed weekend.

In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #3:

Hello Bob,

I have a Bible question. I am going to an adult Sunday school class at my church, and we are reading a book titled The Path, which has excerpts from the Bible (New Revised Standard Version). I prefer King James, but what the hey. We have just finished Chapter 4, and we are in Genesis, and the title of the chapter is “Joseph Had a Dream.” One section supposedly comes from Bible text, and it is the section where the brothers are annoyed with Joseph when he tells them his dream—and it reads as follows: “His brothers said to him, ‘Are you indeed to reign over us? Are you indeed to have dominion over us?’ So they hated him even more because of his dreams and his words.”

My priest has talked about Hebrew and how highly connotative it is—and how many words/synonyms there are (at times) for a single word in English. I would really like to know how the final word (words) might be understood in Hebrew and in Greek. (I’m sorry I don’t have the chapter and verse—it isn’t in the text.) I was talking about this with my priest after our session, and she does not know Hebrew or Greek, but she is also very interested in whatever words might mean (or what suggestions might accompany words) in Hebrew and Greek. I told her, “I know the perfect person to ask.”

So I’m asking.

Response #3:

On the passage, this is Genesis 37:8. I read it over in Hebrew and it's very straightforward language. The version you quoted is right on the money. The word "indeed" in both instances is actually the Hebrew idiom where the verb is essentially doubled by use of the infinitive absolute added to it. Cf. Genesis 2:17 "dying you shall die" or "thou shalt surely die" (KJV).

The only other thing of note is that the verb used of his brothers to express that they "hated him even more" is derived from the same root as Joseph's name. His name is from the root yashaph meaning "to increase", and that verb is often used, as it is here, to indicate the increase in some other verbal idea (here "to hate more"). So one could say that his brothers "Josephed to hate Joseph" – at least that is the paronomasia in the Hebrew (doesn't really work in English).

Bob L.

Question #4:

"Surely in a flood of great waters they will not reach him".
Psalm 32:6

The "him" here is the godly one mentioned and the "they" some enemy? Or is it God Who will not be reached in a flood of great waters unless He is sought in a time when He may be found?

Response #4:

The "they" are the waters (which represent disaster), so this refers to the protection of those who put trust in God, kept safe as we are in our trials and troubles:  the destruction of the rising waters is kept from us.

Question #5:

On Romans 16:24, NASB says that this verse was not in early manuscripts. Is it a part of the Bible? It does seem like a weird thing to say at that point. From verse twenty five, his closing comments and greetings just seemed redundant with verse twenty four coming just before. Did the interpolation (if it was one) do anything other than spoil the flow of reading there?

Response #5:

NASB 95 is correct: While a fine sentiment, this is a later interpolation and not a part of scripture.

Question #6:

Ephesians 3:18. "...the breadth and length and height and depth..." of what does Paul mean here, Sir?

Response #6:

This is Paul's way of summing up the totality of what may be known and experienced of the love and knowledge of Jesus Christ (Greek leaving out the object as often): that is what he prays for us in the next verse, that we may come "to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge; that you may be filled with all the fullness of God".

Question #7:

"For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith."
Galatians 5:5

Could Paul mean here that we are looking forward to perfect freedom from sin in our bodies, that is, resurrection?

Response #7:

Yes, the "hope" is the resurrection at Christ's return (and everything connected thereto).  That is what we believers "eagerly await".

Question #8:

"For not even those who are circumcised keep the law, but they desire to have you circumcised that they may boast in your flesh"
Galatians 6:12

This puts me in mind of James's conduct with Paul when the latter came to Jerusalem. Is that a reasonable assessment?

Response #8:

James did not demand circumcision of any of Paul's gentile companions on that occasion (so far as we know); however it is true that the insidious request made of Paul – to which he wrongly acceded – was legalism of this very sort. Incidentally, while Acts 21:18 says that Paul went "to James and the elders", Acts 21:21 does not specifically mention James as the one who made this terrible suggestion; we only have an unidentified third person plural in the verbs going forward. I think we can conclude from this that while James failed to assert his authority here, the impetus was not from him. In this way his conduct is parallel to Paul's, namely, giving way to legalism though not sponsoring it. If either he or Paul had objected on the basis of grace, I feel certain that the other one would have supported him. As it is, we can only wonder.

Question #9:

Galatians 6:16. The "Israel of God" is this new creation or creature, isn't it? And it is the Church, right?

Response #9:

Yes, and it includes all Jewish believers – which is the point that Paul is making here: only Jewish believers are part of the Church, but the Church, gentiles together with Jews, is "the Israel of God", "built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets" (Eph.2:20).

Question #10:

Galatians 6:17. What does Paul mean here by marks?

Response #10:

The word here is stigmata and refers to scars on his back from the many times Paul was scourged in service to the Church of Jesus Christ:

From the Jews five times I received forty stripes minus one.
2nd Corinthians 11:24 NKJV

Question #11:

What does Paul mean here?

For I have no one like-minded, who will sincerely care for your state. For all seek their own, not the things which are of Christ Jesus.
Philippians 2:20-21 NKJV

Response #11:

In contrast to those of Paul's companions who had abandoned him and the work of the Lord, this "sincere care" is the proper perspective all Christians should have. There is nothing in this world of any value or true interest to us besides Jesus Christ: Him, His Church, His truth; and if we are truly walking in that way, we are eager for the other side, both because we know how blessed it will be in comparison to the vanity of this world, but also because of the rewards we anticipate.

Whom have I in heaven but you? And earth has nothing I desire besides you.
Psalm 73:25 NIV

Question #12:

For what thanks can we render to God for you, for all the joy with which we rejoice for your sake before our God, night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face and perfect what is lacking in your faith?
1 Thessalonians 3:9-10

Could you explain about completing what is lacking in another's faith?

Response #12:

Paul is anxious to be present with the Thessalonians and to continue to teach them so that they may have all the truth they need: "to make up the deficiencies in the things you need to believe", that is, the truth they still require to grow.

Question #13:

In Psalm 46:3, as to the "mountains" in "though the mountains quake at its swelling pride", are they literal or metaphorical or both? I feel that they are both with the metaphor referring to the powerful among us. Is that a meaningful interpretation?

Response #13:

I take this to mean that no matter what happens in the world – even if we experience things that are dreadfully frightening and unprecedented – we are not to fear because we trust the Lord to deliver us. A good thing to remember on the cusp of the Tribulation (cf. Lk.21:25-26).

Question #14:

Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things are noble, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good report, if there is any virtue and if there is anything praiseworthy—meditate on these things.
Philippians 4:8 NKJV

These things Paul says we should dwell on are really The Word of Truth, right, Sir? I know that at one time I figured that there are things that are good, noble, true, right etc to think about and I tried to but they didn't always have much, if anything, to do with the Word of Truth. And there was someone who told me during a discussion that this was his rule of thumb for making decisions, if memory serves me right. It seems to me that this is often interpreted to mean that we should occupy our minds with things that are considered of good reputation which may not be necessarily associated with the Bible. Is this true? Or is Paul saying that we should occupy our minds with the Truth?

Response #14:

The truth indeed. The truth distilled in our hearts into principles of truth. This may be Bible verses whose full meaning we understand; it may be principles of truth which are based upon a correct understanding of what the Bible teaches, i.e., "being saved" – even if we don't immediately think of a particular verse.

Question #15:

On Philippians 4:10, it seems to me that "you lacked opportunity" means that Paul required nothing of them even though they were ready and willing to give to him. Is this correct, Sir?

Response #15:

That is the idea. Paul had needs but rarely asked for help – and when he did so it was usually for prayer or for someone else to be helped (e.g., Phoebe, Onesimus, Timothy, etc.). Specifically to this statement, the Philippians were either not aware of Paul's location or his particular needs prior to this (most understandable in the communication situation of the ancient world).

Question #16:

Dear Bob:

Another question that is unrelated to the previous. Why did God split the Priestly and Kingly offices ever since the fall of Adam. Only to reunify the roles once Jesus Christ has accomplished the work of his Father's will?

Response #16:

An interesting question. Indeed, our Lord is both our King and our High Priest.

However, I don't recall Adam ever being said to have either office. True enough, he was given (as were we all) rule over the earth (very greatly reduced by the devil's usurpation); true enough, in Eden, he and Eve communed with the Lord "in the cool of the day". But in my reading of scripture, the Bible seems to me to describe the absolute kingship and singular high-priesthood of the Lord as unique individually as well as collectively. So I'm not sure I would describe things in this way in the first place so as to have (or be able to answer) this question in the second place.

Did you have a Bible verse in mind?

In Jesus Christ our Lord and our God,

Bob L.

Question #17:

Dear Bob:

Agreed. I did some study on the role of Adam and Eve in Eden. And according to the video series by Inspiring Philosophy who cited scholars who studied the text concluded that the Garden of Eden being the meeting place between heaven and earth was a Temple Garden. And the tasks of Adam and Eve appears to not only be initially reigning over the creation but priestly duties.

We retain somewhat our priestly role even after the fall. As we are unique among creatures that being made in the image of God have "religion" not only being able to commune with God. But that somehow because of our design as a priestly race that we are also able to open portals to the demonic realm with sorcery and turn any object into cursed objects with demonic influence.

Or rather because of our beliefs and the way we do things that such a thing can occur. I came to this conclusion because I came across stories that people using Ouija Boards ended up inviting demonic activity into their lives. Yet when said people did the Ouija Board Blindfolded with the board flipped they got the letters all wrong.

So maybe in such cases its not the object that's accursed but the person that has the demon influences itself necessarily. With the human being the portal of entry.

Objects are otherwise mundane yet with human intervention demonic influence can be allowed to manifest itself in a unique way.

For example even Tarot cards were simply playing cards that was turned into an object of Sorcery by mankind.

Interested in your response

Yours in Christ

Response #17:

Never read anything in the Bible about "portals". I make it a point to stay away from all such things. Everything I have been able to learn about this issue from scripture can be found at the following link:  "Satan's Tactical Methodology" in SR 4.  You might also see "Spiritual Warfare VI" (which leads to more links).

Happy Thanksgiving!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #18:

Dear Robert,

Please do not see this as an easy way to do Bible study, by asking you for clarity!

The root word for seed/descendant in Hebrew is "ZERA" 2233 (zar' a'ka/le'zar' aka/ve'zar' aka) and in Greek "Sperma" 4690 references to OT.

My deduction is that Gen 12:3 translates well to Gal 3:14, 17!

How would the abovementioned deduction translate to Gen 26:4?

An interesting observation is also how John 3:16 & Galatians 3:16 fully connects within the two different languages of the OT and the NT, divinely script.

Yours in Christ our Saviour,

Response #18:

The word in Genesis 26:4 is the same. It means "seed" (singular) but can also be understood as a collective noun. Everyone is blessed in Jesus Christ, THE Seed of Abraham; and the world is also blessed in his descendants, the Jewish people, the collective seed of Abraham through whom the Messiah came (Rom.9:5), and to whom collectively was entrusted the Word of God (Rom.3:2).

Wishing you and yours a blessed 2020!

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #19:

Dear Bob

Simultaneous appearance of Jesus to 500 or teleporation from place to place?

I am thinking about the omnipresence of God who fills the entire universe. If God is basically personally present everywhere. Is he personally actually interacting with everything at once like for example he is talking to millions of people as if it were a one on one interaction yet it occurs simultaneously.

Or is it more just like surveillance cameras?

So in the scriptures say that Jesus appeared to 500 at once (1 Corinthians 15:6) was it at a single gathering place. Or did Jesus teleport from place to place.

Or was his glorified body capable of interacting with 500 at the same time even though they are at different locations?

Response #19:

God is absolutely omnipresent. Time and space were designed by Him for our benefit – and they are very small (for want of a better word) compared to Him.

One of the most amazing things about the good news is that God became human – Jesus Christ took on true humanity – without sacrificing His deity. So the report about the 500 is as it says in 1st Corinthians 15:6, "all at one time" (Greek: ephapax, ἐφαπαξ), and that is the important point for Paul in his proving of the resurrection: on one occasion, a great many people saw Him "all at once". Our Lord has a real human body – a perfect, indestructible and resurrected one now, the first-fruits of what we all will have (1Jn.3:2). But like us He has only one. He is seated now – after the ascension – at the Father's right hand, awaiting the time of His second advent.

It is certainly true that the resurrection body is capable of many amazing things, including moving through objects (our Lord entering through closed doors and appearing virtually wherever He wishes); He ascended to the third heaven in this new body, and that would be impossible for anything in the realm of the physical we know of today. So it is most exciting to anticipate our own resurrection when we too shall rise "to meet the Lord in the air" when He returns following the Tribulation (1Thes.4:17). See the link: "The Resurrection of the Lamb's Bride" in CT 5.

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #20:

Hello--Thanks for your help. I am wondering if you would do me a big favor and read a few posts on CARM for me, and see if you come to the same conclusions I have? The link is to the Trinity board. One poster is Mormon. __ is not, but in my dealings I have had with her over the years, she sounds like a Christian mystic to me, though she has denied it. She has claimed to know Biblical Greek and Hebrew and taught at the university level, but not sure in what. She also claims to know you and to have disagreed with you when she has written to you.

Some of her writing is so...esoteric, I had to ask a pastor friend of mine on the boards to read what she wrote, to explain her POV. He thinks she is being a Christian mystic, too.

You can see what she wrote and my responses to her. Some of what she writes seems off the wall to me. She thinks it is wrong to use "nature" and "essence" to describe God's Tri-unity and being, because such words were used by pagans to describe pagan concepts...I say, so what? They are perfectly good words that we can use to describe something. Including God. I pointed out that John used "logos" of Jesus Christ, when there was already a long-established pagan Greek concept of the logos as the reason governing the universe, or something similar. But John was a Jew and used the word differently than the pagans did. She says she isn't sure John actually used that word, And she doesn't use IT, either.

And what is the book of Henoch, I think she mentions? Typo for Enoch?

I have never read Augustine, so I have no idea if her assessment of his works is accurate. But I'd bet a cookie you have!

The stuff she wrote about "psyche" really sounds a tad...weird to me, and couched in mysticism. You will notice on the last page she does not deal with a single point I have made. Just says I misunderstood her.

If you don't have time to read it, I will understand. But could you answer these 2 questions?

1. Do all the ancient Greek manuscript copies of John 1:1 have John calling Jesus the "logos" of God?

2. Is there a word for "essence" in Koine Greek, that is different than the Koine one for "nature"?

As always, thanks for your help and God bless you for it.

Response #20:

I've put most things aside in order to launch a major posting at Ichthys (BB 6B: Ecclesiology), so I'm in a bit of a hole; add to that that this is the first week of classes at U of L, so I am a little too busy to read boards. But as to your questions:

1) None of my critical editions even has any notes about any ms. or papyrus not reading "logos" at John 1:1; all of the major mss. with which I am familiar have it. No evidence whatsoever for some claim to the contrary therefore.

2) The word for "essence" in ancient Greek is ousia, and it is derived from the participle of the verb to be (so "being" as a noun is what it means); the English word "essence" is derived from the medieval Latin word essentia which is a deliberate Latin duplicate of Greek ousia. The latter only occurs twice in the NT at Luke 15:12-13 and is used for "property", not in a theological sense. "Nature" is another Latin word (natura); the Greek equivalent is physis (from which we get "physics").

"Henoch" is just a different transliteration of Enoch.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #21:

Hi--Understood about being busy. I wondered if nature and essence are synonyms in Greek, as they are in English. Thanks and do not work too hard!

Response #21:

In English, Latin and Greek, "essence" and "nature" may have a semantic overlap, but they are different in that "nature" strongly implies (and in all cases etymologically means) having to do with the material, physical realm; come to think of it, that is probably why early theologians avoided that word and preferred ousia / essentia / essence.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #22:

Oh, so it would actually be better to talk about God's essence, instead of nature? Even though Hebrews 1 says how Jesus bears the very stamp of God's nature? Which word is used there in Greek? Last question!

Response #22:

The word in Hebrews is "very stamp of His hypostasis" – that is where the theological term "hypostatic union" to describe our Lord's uniqueness comes from (see the link).

You do have a point. In theology we talk the "essence of God" to describe His spiritual characteristics, and we talk about Jesus' two "natures", human and divine. That's a matter of tradition, however.

In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #23:

Hi Bob,

I was reading 2 Timothy yesterday and I might be older than Timothy was but I can still be timid like he was. Whether it's in speaking up or knowing that I've only been back with the Lord a couple of years. But even then, Bob I honestly think I've learnt more in that time with your teaching than she has in all the years she's been at that church. And Paul says in 2 Timothy 1:7

For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind. (NKJV)

Or in the NASB - For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.

How would you translate it? One is saying "sound mind" and the other "discipline".

I'm encouraged by what the Lord has shown me in His Word this week and I'm excited about continuing to study, believe, apply and prepare for everything He has for me to do. I loved these verses too - 2 Timothy 3:16-17, 4:1-4, 4:7-8.

Thanks for your teaching, Bob and thanks for all your prayers and you're in mine too. Have a great weekend!

Your friend in Jesus

Response #23:

On 2nd Timothy 1:7, the word is a derivative of sophrosyne which has a storied pedigree in Greek. Paul does use a more abstract form here but it's essentially the same concept. The classical way of translating this is "prudence", but that word has picked up negative connotations in contemporary English. It means etymologically "safe-mindedness" and its opposite is hybris ('hubris') which means to go beyond the normal bounds of human restraint (arrogance with a capital "A").

In spiritual terms, sophrosyne means staying away from things that are anywhere close to being "out of bounds", because, as we all know, getting too close to the edge sometimes results in being pulled over. So in terms of a journey up a road with dangers off of both sides, the hybris person would cavalierly tread over the edge with impunity from one side to the other, while the sophrosyne person would stay as close to the middle as possible to avoid either side. In the context, therefore, I think this is added by Paul to remind Timothy that just because we are courageous in the Lord does not mean that we are also stupid enough to allow that courage to put us into harm's way unnecessarily.

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #24:

Here's another question I am unwilling to wait to ask in my list: did you write anything about the Millennial Temple, Sir? I have been stuck on Ezekiel 40 since yesterday and I still don't really understand the design.

1. I'm not sure what verses 6-16 mean.

2. Is the Eastern Gate smaller than the other gates? I ask because of how verse 11 compares to verse 21 and verse 25.

3. Also, verse 14 says that the gate extended round about to the side pillar of the courtyard in NASB. NIV1984 and NKJV say different things there too. What really is going on there?

Response #24:

On Ezekiel, the door of each gate is 10 cubits wide and 13 cubits high. Verses 21 and 25 are speaking of the porticoes as a whole. That is what verse 14 is referring to in relation to the east gate.

Visualizing 3-D objects and spaces from written descriptions has always been an Achilles' heel of mine, so I won't try to paint a picture (I'm no artist either!).

Question #25:

James 1:10 (NASB)
10 and the rich man is to glory in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away.

Why should the rich man take pride in his humiliation? Is James basically saying, "rich man enjoy your time while it lasts because once your spirit is required of you" you will be humiliated?

Response #25:

Verse ten can't be understood without verse nine.

(9) Let the lowly brother glory in his exaltation, (10) but the rich in his humiliation, because as a flower of the field he will pass away.
James 1:9-10 NKJV

Verse nine tells the poor to be happy anyway because we are spiritually rich; verse ten tells the rich not to get excited about their present situation because it is coming to an end. This is the same as what our Lord says in the beatitudes (e.g., compare Lk.6:20 with Lk.6:24). The "problem" is the word "boast/glory", but it doesn't actually occur in verse ten. Greek leaves out verbs where they are to be understood. Forms of the verb "to be" are the most commonly left out, but when that doesn't work, the verb just used prior is the most likely substitute (that is why most translators supply "boast/glory" in verse ten too). However, this is a fairly common figure of speech called a zeugma where two elements are conjoined without the verbs matching; here we don't have the second verb but if pressed we are tempted to supply the previous one but that really doesn't work here. I would prefer to just leave out the verb (as, e.g., NKJV: "but the rich in his humiliation"). If pressed I would translate something such as "let the rich not forget his humiliation": clearly, we can't expect rich people to "feel good" about the fact that their riches mean nothing to God and will soon pass away – but if they are Christians it would be spiritually healthy for them to keep that ever in mind.

Question #26:

James 4:11 (NASB) 11 Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge of it.

How does speaking against a brother or judging a brother make one speak against the law and judge the law? Does this verse have a double application that we should not judge the Scriptures as we read it, rather we should take it in as pure truth?

Response #26:

This is James' way of saying that it is God's business to judge other believers, not yours or mine. This is just what Paul says too (Rom.14:4). James says "the Law" instead of "the Lord" because he is writing to a Jewish congregation who will feel the sting of that rebuke very strongly (whereas gentiles might not).

Question #27:

Hi Bob,

Proverbs 1:17 (NASB)
Indeed, it is useless to spread the baited net in the sight of any bird;

Is God symbolized by the bird in this proverb's context? Because the wicked are plotting in full sight of God and will receive their recompense?

In our great King and Lord,

Response #27:

The point here is that even birds are smart enough to stay away from obvious and visible dangers, but these individuals are doing what will surely bring them down. That is indeed because of the justice of God but also because of the law and order He has put in place. It does show the inherent arrogance and resulting blindness ruling in the hearts of those who reject what is right.

Here's the whole context:

Surely, in vain the net is spread
In the sight of any bird;
But they lie in wait for their own blood,
They lurk secretly for their own lives.
So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain;
It takes away the life of its owners.
Proverbs 1:17-19 NASB

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #28:

Dear Dr. Lugenbill,

Could you explain the use of the Greek word for teach in this passage?

And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence.
1st Timothy 2:12 NKJV

I've been studying the role of women in the church. It was brought to my attention by a preacher that there is a Greek word for "teach" that is referring to ongoing instruction much like that of a rabbi with authority. It was his opinion that is the case in this passage. Therefore a woman can teach in a mixed setting in the worship gathering so long as the elders have approved it.

That being said he referenced another Greek word that means to "teach" which does not carry an authoritative, ongoing overtone.

Could you help me clarify these words?


Response #28:

Good to make your acquaintance.

The Greek verb there is didasko, and that is the common Greek word for teaching throughout antiquity. So there is nothing at all special in the word itself, nor anything special about the context which would indicate some sort of special rabbinical exception.

As to the issue of women in the Church, the most recent thing posted at Ichthys is in the newly posted BB 6B: Ecclesiology: "Women in Leadership".

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #29:

Hi Bob,

It did help, thanks. Unbeliever psychology is a difficult thing to come to grips with.

Genesis 4:23-24 (NASB)
23 Lamech said to his wives,
Adah and Zillah,
Listen to my voice,
You wives of Lamech,
Give heed to my speech,
For I have killed a man for wounding me;
And a boy for striking me;
24 If Cain is avenged sevenfold,
Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.

Should we take Lamech's statement as one supported by God -- that avenging a self-defense killing will be punished seventy fold by the Lord God. Or was Lamech simply declaring that he had God's support based on God's promise to Cain?

In our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ,

Response #29:

Rather, I think this is recorded for us to show us the depths to which humanity sank so very quickly after the expulsion from Eden. This is "unbeliever-speak" all the way.  Historical books often record what was said and done by unbelievers or even believers in the wrong (cf. the book of Job).

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #30:

Doing a study of Jonah. went on line and found many sites.
some believe he died and went to hell, then was brought back alive.
others say in the belly he stayed only, and brought back after 3 days.
both have connection to Jesus and the grave 3 days. your insight would
be most helpful. the new link you sent to study of end times is tops.

Response #30:

Thanks for the good words, my friend!

As to your question, scripture says it was the latter. Nothing in the book of Jonah about him going to Hades; but it says very explicitly that God sent a fish which swallowed him then later spit him out.

People often go to great lengths to deny what scripture says literally happened.

Jonah's experience is symbolic of what our Lord experienced. Jonah is a "type of Christ" in this respect (see the link for discussion).

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #31:

Hello--I have a question...a Mormon wrote this to me on CARM:

"The Bible never says that Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us and accepted by faith alone to cover our unrighteousness – in other words we do not contribute anything and we are declared righteous. The word imputed means to reckon or account. It never means that something alien to you is transferred to your account."

I know perfectly well what "imputed" means. I showed him like 20 Bible verse that prove that we have Jesus' righteousness because of our faith in Him. But my question is the 'alien" part in this post. He says it never means something "alien" transferred into our account. Yet, I reminded him that our sins were imputed to Jesus on the cross and sin was and is totally alien to Jesus!

Anyway, I am just asking if the word for "impute" in the NT can means something alien transferred to our account. Thanks. Stay healthy.

Response #31:

The whole "imputation doctrine" as connected to "original sin" was invented by Augustine and has lots of problems – based upon misunderstanding the Greek and also Paul's argument. In a nutshell, what these passages actually mean is that God considers those of us who put our trust in Christ "righteous": He sees Jesus instead of us and we are "righteous" by means of faith, not through having earned it. The Greek word group logizo means essential "consider [A as B]".

For details if interested, please see the links:

The so-called "imputation of Adam's sin"

A discussion of "imputation"

Let me know if you have a specific passage in mind.

Stay safe and healthy yourself!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #32:

Dear Dr. Luginbill,

You are the wisest and most thorough commentator on the Internet and I thank God for your ministry and willingness to answer questions.

I have heard several times that if Adam and Eve had not sinned they would have lived forever. Do you agree and if so is there Scripture to reinforce this idea?

May God bless you on this Palm Sunday. I really am disappointed that we cannot go to church this morning (because of the corona virus) and am resolving never to miss a worship service again.

Yours in Christ,

Response #32:

Thanks for your kind words – I would also recommend to you Curtis Omo at Bible Academy (at the link).

As to your question, Adam and Eve were created perfect and had access to the tree of life. Even after acquiring a sin nature at the fall, they still had to be kept from that same tree of life so as not to be able to live forever in their then sinful state.  Nothing worse than this state of sin and decay lasting forever!

Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”— therefore the LORD God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken. So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
Genesis 3:22-24 NKJV

Hoping and praying all this insanity ends soon.

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #33:

Thank you very much.

I still can't wrap my head around the fact that God created Adam from this literal dust we use when moulding clay. It seems confusing.

Also, I've been lead to believe that Mr. Wormack is a good teacher of Grace which I thought was good for my progress.

And yes, I've been in contact with our friend.

In Christ,

Response #33:

You're very welcome, my friend.

I'm glad you've been in touch with our friend. He is a very special individual.

One of the roles human beings serve in the plan of God is that of being an answer to the devil. God used a creature who was part material made "lower than the angels" to demonstrate His faithfulness and thus refute all of Satan's lies. This is the gist of the five part "Satanic Rebellion" series (at the link).  On the creation of Adam in particular, see the link.

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #34:

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

I have been studying this subject teaching, and am on page 12 of 177 pages, and have been blown away by the fact that those who are Calvinists do not understand a doctrine that is very plain. They have this TULIP thing, whatever that means, and don't care to find out, but I do hope that those who teach it will soon discover the truth.

You know all about what they believe, but I would have one question for them: Did God Almighty the All Sovereign One, force Adam and Eve to disobey Him?

This would be the end of the discussion.

We know that God is sovereign and that we will never understand that, but we can certainly determine that God does not, and will not force anyone to accept or reject Jesus Christ His One and Only Son who died for us, even though He is absolutely Sovereign.

This is a most excellent teaching that everyone, especially Calvinists need to study along with everyone else in the world. It has been an eye-opener for me as all your studies are, by the Grace of God that He gives you.

I never did believe what these folks talked and found that out quickly by studying about teaching among many that you have prepared.

Thanks so much, and may God continue to pour out His abundant grace upon you as always.
Ephesians 3:20-21

Your friend,

Response #34:

I don't see how anyone could argue from the Bible that God "forced Adam and Eve to disobey".

1) He gave them everything they needed to live blessed forever.

2) He gave them very explicit instructions to stay away from the one test of free will – which could only be failed by disobeying Him.

3) He made the issue very clear: death versus life.

4) He never gave them cause for considering anything else to be true.

The fact that Eve chose to believe a lie and the fact that Adam didn't trust the Lord enough to have faith that He could restore Eve (or give him someone better) doesn't in any way even implicate God in anything wrong – let alone FORCING them to "disobey".

Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone.
James 1:13 NKJV

Incidentally, when Eve "quotes" the Lord to the serpent, she says "You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die." I have often noted that she wrongly adds "nor shall you touch it" (see in BB 3A), showing that she had not paid enough attention to this most important command – the only negative one they had received, and that this contributed to her vulnerability to accepting the lie. Some things probably had come in contact with that tree and not "exploded", birds or leaves or whatever, but it was the "eating" which was forbidden; seeing some things touch the tree and not suffer any consequences must have induced some doubt that there was any real problem with eating either – just as the serpent represented to her. But it is also the case that in addition to adding something, Eve left something out. God didn't say "You shall not eat it, lest you die." What He said was, " for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die" (Gen.2:17). The word translated "surely", a mere adverb in English, is in Hebrew the infinitive absolute of the same verb "to die". A better rendering (as Col. Thieme translated it), is "dying thou shalt die!" This is an idiom in Hebrew designed for particular emphasis (which a "surely" doesn't really convey in the same way). Eve clearly did not "process" the emphatic nature of the command . . . as events also proved. Nor, apparently, did Adam.

"Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take away from it."
Deuteronomy 12:32 NKJV


In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

P.S.:  If you haven't noticed or already done so, please check out the list of wonderful ministry offerings on the Special Topics page, including John Jackson (anyone with questions about the "church-visible" will find this helpful), "Bible Readings by Emma", Bible Reading Log by Christian Vassallo (helps for reading through the English Bible),  The Holocaust: A Biblical and Historical Examination (Future Implications) by Fred London, the Expanded Index to Old Testament translations at Ichthys, Foundational Principles, by Odii Ariwodo, "The Peter series" translated into Kiswahili by Resi Kilambo, Video presentations by Steven Tammen based on the SR series, and Steven's group studies of BB 6A.

*Special Prayer Request

  • For Charles, for successful pace-maker surgery this month.

  • For Emma's father, for healing from arthritis pain and prostate troubles, and for his salvation.

  • For Aaron, for healing from chronic stomach pain and for salvation.

  • For Jay's daughter in a coma on life support in the ICU, and for Jay's encouragement.

  • For my friend Carmen who just suffered a broken left arm (both bones, compound fracture of the ulna) and a broken back (two vertebrae fractured).

  • For Leigh's sister, for protection in and swift deliverance from a very dangerous domestic situation.

  • For Tony, for healing from aggressive glaucoma.

  • For Dawn's daughter Daphne, for healing from chronic Lyme disease.

  • For Mewn, for healing.

  • For Jamie, for encouragement and support under pressure.

  • For Sylvia, for her strength and energy is supporting her grandchildren and great grandchild whose parents are unbelievers, and for her help in leading them all to the Lord.

  • For Ron, in hospital battling severe infection pursuant to a knee replacement, kidney failure and pneumonia

  • For Carrie, recently diagnosed with cancer. She has three daughters. The family has already been through a lot, having lost their husband/father to cancer a few years ago. They are believers.

  • For Luke's father, for healing of the cyst/lump in his kidney and recovery of health [update: "Dad has recovered quite a bit from his surgery and he has started getting around more often. I am thankful to God for all that he has done for me and my family."].

  • For Andrea's continuing progress in spiritual growth, for her daughter Juanita's salvation.

  • For Anna's brother who is in failing health, that he might be led to the Lord.

  • For our friend Odii and his family for comfort, encouragement and support on the passing of his father, and for deliverance from malevolent individuals attempting to take advantage of the situation.

  • For our friend Yuhanna, for swift deliverance from his present situation.

  • For Ashley, for recovery of her health from a difficult to diagnose and serious condition [worsening with shortness of breath and tremors]; and for the salvation of her parents and her brother.

  • For Gill's sister, praise here as prayers have been answered and she has been moved to the right place.  Gill asks for prayer "for her continued recovery, as well as to demonstrate to the family the power of prayer and faith in Christ".

  • For Jon's mother, for healing from an intestinal mass, and for peace and deliverance on her job.

  • For our brother Abishai's help with his business to provide for his family's basic needs (hard times at present).  Please also pray for his ministry activities and for his wife's healing.  Please pray for Jacob who presently lacks income and has a difficult family situation, [praise for Bhavani who along with her husband have both found jobs!]

  • For Femi who is in severe legal jeopardy, for his deliverance [praise here! Dr. Femi is home tonight; please keep praying for his deliverance going forward].

  • Brian is in the hospital with pancreatitis; [*out now but please also pray for recovery and that his insurance will cover it].

  • For Will successful surgery for his for his nerve impingement and recovery therefrom.

  • For Jeanette and Phil to be delivered from a terrible work situation, and for the pressure to turn them toward the Lord.

  • For Walter's son Josh, in need of surgery for a defective heart valve.

  • For our friend Gaurav, for encouragement, health, and material deliverance. [n.b., Gaurav was the first one on this list years ago; he writes that he is still "hanging in" and staying faithful to the Lord, but he and his family are in greater material need than ever; please remember them in your prayers]; *please also pray for his health and his mother's health (she recently became blind in one eye from an infection and diabetes complications, neither of which have resolved as yet).
  • For David's wife who is entering hospice [*update: our friend's wife has gone to be with the Lord; please pray for his comfort].
  • For Bob and Debbie for healing / coping with ongoing health issues, and for more spiritual growth to get through several ongoing trials; for resolution and healing for four grandkids separated from parents because of abuse; for help / recovery of a son suffering severe mental illness and in a spiritual battle; for salvation of unsaved family members; for deliverance of family members trapped in legalism and cultic false teaching ministry; for a daughter suffering from an undiagnosed health problem.

  • For comfort for Jon and his family in the loss of his father (thanks to all who have been praying for him.  Jon reports convincing evidence that his dad was indeed saved before the end.  Praise the Lord!); **please also pray for peace for him and for his mother in their job situations and for genuine Christian fellowship.
  • For Abby for success and blessing in her new efforts in ministry, and for her cousin Danny's health. Please also pray for her health, strength and perseverance in stressful and challenging circumstances; please also pray for her mother's health.
  • For Ramsey, in his new position.

  • For the empowerment of our friend Curt's ministry; for his health, the health of his family, and for his help in moving to a safer location.

  • For our friend John's family's deliverance from cult influence [praise for some good news here, but some members are still entrapped]. Please also pray for John's health and that of his wife as well.

  • For our friend Steve for strength, protection, providence and deliverance - more needful now than ever.
  • For help and deliverance for our friend Cindy's daughter.
  • For our friend Brittany's spiritual recovery and encouragement.
  • For our friend Ken and his family's protection from persecution for seeking the truth.
  • Ken Young's ministry and for his health (please see the link).
  • For Christian congregations being persecuted in Sri Lanka (please see the link).
  • *For the healing from MS, blessing, encouragement and vindication of our brother, Nihal.  Please also protect him and his family and church family from the recent troubles in Sri Lanka.
  • For our friend Mike's encouragement and God's blessing on his livelihood to provide for his family.
  • For Helen's healing from cancer and for her comfort in the loss of her family members.
  • For Clyde's encouragement and deliverance in severe testing.
  • For Judah in overcoming spiritual obstacles and for help in preparing for ministry.
  • For the salvation of Tom and his family.

  • For our friend Oscar's continued spiritual growth and help in securing suitable employment in spite of serious satanic opposition.
  • For the salvation of Danny's mother and for her healing in extreme pain; for healing in body and mind, and for his protection and blessing on his family and for their reconciliation.  Please also pray for Danny's living situation, and also for his job situation where he is experiencing persecution.
  • For deliverance for John's friend from the JW heresy.
  • For our friend Anna and her family's comfort in the loss of her daughter, and for the comfort, encouragement and salvation of her two grandchildren.
  • For our friend Sheila's healing from the effects of a chronic condition.
  • Our friend Sandra [she went to be with the Lord 7/7/20].
  • For our newly converted brother Jacob in India, for healing for him and for his daughter, for his material needs, and for the salvation of his parents.
  • For Billy's mother to be led into all of God's truth.
  • For Resi in transitioning from Roman Catholicism and for help in serious financial difficulties.  Please also pray for our friend and his cooperative to be successful (praise here for some wonderful progress!).  Prayers also please for family who does not share his faith. And please pray for our friend's protection from persecution in a place where standing up for the truth and not following the crowd results in suspicion and shunning.
  • For Leigh, for protection and deliverance from a dangerous neighbor, and for help in restoring her home and home situation.

  • For help for Steven, for success in his new job and for balance in preparing to minister to the body of Christ.
  • For Becca's mother, for healing from serious liver disease, lung problems, and chronic pain.

  • For the salvation of John's two unbelieving sons.
  • For Charles' two granddaughters for their salvation and spiritual growth.
  • For Chris, for health concerns (memory and fatigue), and for getting a better job in the midst of budget cuts. *Please also pray for Lisa's health.
  • *For Cary, for deliverance in persecution on the job for sticking up for the Lord and for the truth (special harassment for a Christian teacher in a state school where Mormons are in charge).
  • For Alex' and Chris' mother, for her salvation and the opening of her heart to the truth.
  • For our friend Carmen, for the protection of her granddaughters, and her encouragement and strength in negotiating a difficult trial; for her boy Josh's recovery from alcoholism and for encouragement for him to turn to the Lord for help.
  • For Amber's continued spiritual growth and encouragement, and for her healing.  Please also pray for the salvation of her grandmother.
  • *For Sande, for help getting through his officer cadet program (broken leg healed but plagued by tendonitis). Please pray also for his health and the health of his mother and grandmother.

  • For Christian, for the prospering of his consultancy in order to have more time to prepare for and engage in ministry [praise here!  please continue to pray for the success of his business].
  • For Jeffery, for the salvation of his two sons.
  • Dorota went to be with the Lord yesterday (5/27/19); please pray for the salvation of her two daughters.

  • For Peter, for the deliverance of his family from cult influence and to be led to salvation in Jesus Christ, and for help in meeting serious financial challenges. Please also pray for his son's return to spiritual growth and for the salvation of his grandchildren. [Praise and thanks for prayers answered - but please keep them up!]
  • For comfort and encouragement for Charles and his family in the recent loss of wife and mother.
  • For Kamil, a new believer, who has been unjustly accused because of his family's political activities.
  • For the spiritual growth and encouragement of Max and his family.
  • For Michael, for his health and for his livelihood in providing for his family, and for his efforts in leading his family to the truth of the Word. [our friend is currently unemployed and his business is out of operation, so please pray for him for restoration of livelihood]

  • For Sam, for help and support and encouragement in moving away from a legalistic and controlling environment in order to seek and serve the Lord in a godly way.

  • For George, for comfort and support in the loss of his spouse for being unwilling to adhere to her group's SDA tenets.

  • More E-mails:       Complete archive of previous emails:  Ichthys' Emails

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XII

    Eschatology Issues LXXX

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading V

    Eschatology Issues LXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXXV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIII

    Fighting the Fight XIII

    Marriage and the Bible IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XII

    Eschatology Issues LXXII

    Eschatology Issues LXXI

    Eschatology Issues LXX

    Eschatology Issues LXIX

    Church History III

    Gospel Questions XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXVII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit X

    Eschatology Issues LXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXIII

    Gospel Questions XVI

    Eschatology Issues LXII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XI

    Eschatology Issues LXI

    Biblical Interpretation XIII

    Eschatology Issues LX

    Eschatology Issues LIX

    Eschatology Issues LVIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ X

    Eschatology Issues LVII

    Eschatology Issues LVI

    Eschatology Issues LV

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching V

    Eschatology Issues LIV

    Eschatology Issues LIII

    Struggling with Faith and Sin

    Eschatology Issues LII

    Eschatology Issues LI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XI

    Eschatology Issues XXXXX

    Christian Perspectives on Disease and Death

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IX

    Eschatology Issues XLIX

    Culture and Christianity XXII

    Eschatology Issues XLVIII

    Eschatology Issues XLVII

    Eschatology Issues XLVI

    Eschatology Issues XLV

    Culture and Christianity XXI

    Eschatology Issues XLIV

    Theology Questions IV

    Eschatology Issues XLIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VIII

    Eschatology Issues XLII

    Isaiah Questions

    Eschatology Issues XLI

    Eschatology Issues XL

    Eschatology Issues XXXIX

    Eschatology Issues XXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVI

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching IV

    Eschatology Issues XXXV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXII

    Eschatology Issues XXXI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry X

    Eschatology Issues XXX

    Eschatology Issues XXIX

    Old Testament Interpretation XVI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VII

    New Testament Interpretation IX

    Fighting the Fight XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVIII

    Spiritual Warfare VII

    Believers in the World XI

    Revelation Questions II

    Believers in the World X

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation V

    Biblical Interpretation XII

    Old Testament Interpretation XV

    Gospel Questions XV

    Fighting the Fight XI

    Apologetics and Legalism II

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IX

    Gospel Questions XIV

    The 'Rapture' and other Eschatological Issues

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VIII

    Marriage and the Bible VIII

    Believers in the World IX

    Biblical Interpretation XI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VI

    Cults and Christianity XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVII

    Theological Questions III

    New Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XXVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIV

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XIII

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief V

    Biblical Interpretation X

    Fighting the Fight X

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth III

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IX

    Biblical Anthropology VIII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation IV

    Genesis Questions IV

    Fighting the Fight IX

    Eschatology Issues XXV

    Angelic Issues IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VII

    Legalism, Past, Present and Future IV

    New Testament Interpretation VII

    Eschatology Issues XXIV: the 'Rapture' et al.

    Believers in the World VIII: Coping with Family

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief IV

    Believers in the World VII

    Culture and Christianity XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XI

    Cults and Christianity XI

    Spiritual Gifts and False Teaching

    Angelic Issues VIII

    Christology Questions X

    Believers in the World VI

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI

    Atheism and Evangelism

    New Testament Interpretation VI

    Old Testament Interpretation XII

    Fighting the Fight VIII

    Spiritual Warfare VI

    Sin, Faith and Suffering

    Prayer, Vows and Confession

    Eschatology Issues XXIII

    Apologetics, Ministry and False Teaching

    Culture and Christianity XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality II

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief III

    Fighting the Fight VII

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions VI

    Interpretation, Application, Exegesis and Ministry

    Biblical Anthropology VII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VIII

    Text and Canon

    New Testament Interpretation V

    Grace versus Law II

    Apathy, Atheism, Cults and False Teaching

    All about Ichthys III

    The Battlefield Within II: Combating anger, fear, blaming God, blaming others

    Salvation Questions III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation III

    Eschatology Issues XXII

    Cults and Christianity X

    Cults and Christianity IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry V

    Fighting the Fight VI

    Marriage and the Bible VII

    Culture and Christianity XVIII: Substance Use and Abuse, Tithing, Politics and Environmentalism, Friendship, Self-Defense, and Work

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry II

    Old Testament Interpretation XI

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VII

    The Transitional Era of the Book of Acts and its Unique Spiritual Gifts

    Old Testament Interpretation X

    Marriage and the Bible VI

    The pre-Trib 'Rapture': so called 'imminence' and other false proofs refuted

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth III

    Eschatology Issues XXI

    Eschatology Issues XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations X

    Legalism, Past and Present III: Sabbath observance, tithing, dietary regulations and other issues

    Believers in the World V: Ministering, Mutually Encouraging, and Coping with Family, Politics, and Health

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief II

    Old Testament Interpretation IX

    Christology Questions IX: Christ and His Church

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VI: Perseverance

    Science and the Bible III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation II

    Eschatology Issues XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IV

    Bible Interpretation IX

    Marriage and the Bible V

    Gospel Questions XIII

    Biblical Anthropology VI

    Cults and Christianity VIII

    Fighting the Fight V: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front' II

    Old Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XVIII

    Spiritual Growth III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry III

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation II

    New Testament Interpretation IV

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IX

    Peace, Reconciliation and Salvation

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ V: Soldiers of the Cross

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation

    Cults and Christianity VII

    Old Testament Interpretation VII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation

    Eschatology Issues XVII

    Dangers of the Pre-Trib Rapture False Teaching

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VIII

    The Infinity, Magnitude, Glory, Providence and Plan of God

    Eschatology Issues XVI

    Gospel Questions XII

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God IV

    Nephilim, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    Angelic Issues VII

    Prayer Questions II

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism II

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment II

    Atheism and Apologetics II

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth II

    Culture and Christianity XVII: Humor, Self-Defense, Pacifism and War

    Culture and Christianity XVI: Alcohol, Money and Dietary Issues

    Dreams, Visions, Miracles, Exorcism, Tongues, and False Prophets

    Calvinism, Catholicism and Ichthys

    Apologetics, Legalism, Cults and Philosophy

    The Law, Legalism, and Rome

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IV

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers V

    Faith and Free Will in Trial and Testing

    Free Will and God's WILL in Salvation

    Jobs, Money, Finances and Giving: What does the Bible say?

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry II

    Eschatology Issues XV

    Dealing with Sin and Guilt

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ III

    Preparing for Tribulation II

    It is Better on the Other Side

    Family Matters

    Christology Questions VIII: The Deity, Humanity and Life of Christ

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament II

    Biblical People and Places: Eve, Cain, Noah, Abraham, Hagar, Esau, Joseph and more

    Biblical Anthropology V: Body, Spirit and 'Soul', Present and Future

    Satan, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions V

    Prophets, Prophecy, and False Prophets

    Christology Questions VII: The Life and Spiritual Death of Christ and Holy Communion

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God III

    Culture and Christianity XV: The Bible vs. some Sensitive Social and Political Issues

    Christology Questions VI: Christophany, Deity and the Spiritual Death of Christ

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth II

    Spiritual Warfare V

    Cults and Christianity VI

    Fighting the Fight IV: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front'

    Eschatology Issues XIV

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 3

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future II

    Gospel Questions XI

    Blindness, Disease and Healing

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry

    Atheism and Apologetics

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VII

    Church History II

    Salvation Questions II

    Culture and Christianity XIV

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth

    Judaism and Legalism in the church-visible

    Bible Interpretation VIII

    Apostasy, Sin and Salvation

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching III

    Eschatology Issues XIII: Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection, Antichrist and the Mark of the Beast

    Salvation Questions

    Theological Questions II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions IV

    Old Testament Interpretation VI

    More Questions on the Book of Hebrews: Melchizedek, Esau, and the 'Impossibility' of Being Restored

    Believers in the World IV: Making Godly Choices vs. Following Man-Made Rules

    Guilt, Sin and Victory through Spiritual Growth

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching II

    Cults and Christianity V

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth

    Christian Struggle, Perseverance and Deliverance

    The Bible and the Natural World

    Sin, Fear and Forgiveness

    An Extended Conversation on the 'Unpardonable' Sin

    Eternal Realities: Real Heaven, Real Hell

    Eschatology Issues XII: Babylon, Armageddon, Israel, 2026

    Ministers, Ministry, and Preparation for Ministry

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice II

    Gospel Questions X: Glory, John the baptist, the hidden talent, the Kingdom of God

    Old Testament Interpretation V: The Flight to Egypt, the Virgin Birth, Jonathan's Choice, Tyre in Prophecy

    Matthew Questions, verse by verse

    Marriage and the Bible IV

    Politics and Political Action on the Eve of the Tribulation

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading IV

    Spiritual Growth II

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ II

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VI

    Science and the Bible II

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers IV

    Culture and Christianity XIII: College, Dating, Marriage and Friendship

    Eschatology Issues XI: Trumpets, the Millennium, the Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection.

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology II

    Bible Interpretation VII

    Salvation and Sin

    Bible Interpretation VI

    Eschatology Issues X: Strong delusion, blood moons, 2026, imminence, apostasy & the mark of the beast

    Angelic Issues VI: Cherubs, Guardians, Elders and 'gods'

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology I

    Bible Chronology, Aramaic and Interpretation

    Christians and Mental Illness

    Culture and Christianity XII

    Prayer Questions

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism

    Anger, Anthropopathism, Eternity and Divine Motives

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God II

    Christology Questions V: the Baptism, Temptation and Spiritual Death of Christ

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God II

    Believers in the World III: Prosperity Gospel, Tithing, Cults and Legalism

    Gospel Questions IX

    Faith, Hope and Love: Virtue in Spiritual Warfare

    Trinity Questions II

    Some Sensitive Topics IV

    Finding a Church - or Something Better? II

    New Testament Interpretation III

    Faith vs. History, Archaeology, Philosophy

    Believers in the World II: Confronting False Groups and False Teaching

    The 144,000 and the Two Witnesses of the Tribulation

    Biblical Anthropology IV: Soul and Spirit, Image and Likeness, Book of Life, Life at Birth, Accountability and Infant Salvation.

    Spiritual Growth

    Predestination, Free Will and False Teaching

    Christophany and the Trinity

    Love, Marriage, and Divorce: Marriage and the Bible III

    Interpreting Dreams and Analyzing Prophetic Claims

    Culture and Christianity XI: Lying, Suicide, Tattoos, Investing, Drugs, Music, Family, Dating, Politics

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading III

    Eschatology Issues IX: Amillennialism, Trumpets, and the Seven Days

    Spiritual Warfare IV: Demons, Demonic Influences and Satanic Methodology

    Satan's Fall from Grace

    Atheism and Gnosticism: Denying the Truth about God

    Sin, Salvation and Forgiveness: Claiming the Mental and Spiritual High-Ground

    Struggling with Salvation . . . and Relatives

    Legalism, Past and Present II

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry II

     All about Ichthys II: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord

    The Book of Job and Christian Suffering

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers III: Creationism, Neanderthals, Fossil Record

    Christology Questions IV: Jesus' Birth, Baptism, Early Life, and Kenosis

    Third Party Testimony III: Near Death Experiences, Revelations and Tongues

    Third Party Testimony II: Charismatic Claims of Visions, Dreams and Prophecy

    Third Party Testimony I: We Believe God and His Word - Not People

    God Heals - in His way (not our way)

    Sanctification, Separation and Restraint

    Finding a Church - or Something Better?

    Culture and Christianity X:  Military Service, College, Politics, and Race Relations

    Contemporary Churches and Women Preachers

    Culture and Christianity IX: Politics, Tithing, Music, Crucifixes, Alcohol, and Gambling

    Marriage and the Bible II

    Biblical Anthropology III: Soul versus Spirit, "Soul Sleep", and the Interim Body

    New Testament Interpretation II: Who is equal? Grace in vain. Unequally yoked.

    Aspects of the Crucifixion II: Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

    Aspects of the Crucifixion I: Carrying the cross, trials and rooster crow.

    Salvation Lost and Found

    The Canon: Content, Chronology, and Criticism

    Spiritual Warfare III: Peter's 'Angel', Saul's Death, and Strange Events

    Old Testament Interpretation IV: Gehazi's Leprosy, Tyre's Destruction, and Immanuel

    Nephilim, Fallen Angels, and Genesis 6

    Gospel Questions VIII

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness II

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness I

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment

    When is the Rapture?

    Noah, the Flood, and the Nature of Animals

    The Tribulation: Timing of, Preparation for, and Conditions in

    Eschatology Issues VIII: Revelation, Tribulation and Judgment

    Antichrist: the Mark, the Number, and the Identification of the Beast

    Satan's Revolt and the Tribulation to Come

    Old Testament Interpretation III: The Name 'Jacob', the Mark of Cain, Jeshrun.

    Old Testament Interpretation II: Urim and Thummim, the Bronze Serpent, the Ark.

    Being Saved: Security, Apostasy, and the Sin unto Death

    Fighting the Fight III: False Teaching, Local Churches, and the Truth

    Fighting the Fight II: Struggling with Sin, Doubt, and Severe Testing

    Fighting the Fight I: Accountability, Faith, Sin, Forgiveness, and Reward

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church II

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church I

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity II

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity I

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry

    Biblical Interpretation V

    Baptism: Water and Spirit V

    Spiritual Growth, Church-Searching and "Discipling"

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VI

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IV

    Paganism, Idolatry, Mythology and the Occult

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament

    The Essence of God and Deity of Christ

    Parables and their Interpretation

    The Meaning and Purpose of True Christian Assembly

    Marriage and the Bible

    Spiritual 'ups' and 'downs'

    1st John: Text and Interpretation

    Eschatology Issues VII

    Perseverance in the latter days of Laodicea

    Babylon USA?

    Baptism: Water and Spirit III

    Prayer: the Persistence, Purpose and Power of.

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry

    Gospel Questions VII: The Wedding at Cana et al.

    Israel, 'Lost Tribes' and the Star of David

    Israel and Antichrist in Eschatology

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions III

    Culture and Christianity VIII

    The Geography of Heaven, Hades and 'Hell'.

    Eschatology Issues VI

    Bible Interpretation IV

    Legalism, Past and Present

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future.

    Christ the First-Born, High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading II

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading

    Hermeneutics, Typology, Christophany, Theophany and Anthropopathism.

    No, Hebrews does not teach that you lost your salvation.

    Gospel Questions VI: the Long Ending of Mark et al.

    Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

    Doubting Salvation and Questions of Sin

    The 144,000: God's Seal vs. the Mark of the Beast

    Atheism: Putting Truth to Death

    War in Heaven II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions II

    War in Heaven

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions I

    The Law, Love, Faith-Rest and Messianism

    Paul and the Law

    Genesis Questions III

    Sin and Salvation, Confession and Forgiveness

    Have I Lost My Salvation? (III)

    The Battlefield Within: Fighting the inner spiritual Struggle.

    Putting Christ in Christmas: Loving Jesus, the Star and the Magi, Wonderful Counselor.

    Old Testament Interpretation: Moses and Zipporah, David's disastrous Census, the Destruction of the Midianites, et al.

    Healing, Miracles, and Dreams: Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff by biblical Means

    153 Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages

    Kenosis: Our Lord's Self-Limitation during the 1st Advent

    Biblical Anthropology II: 'Soul sleep', & dichotomy vs. trichotomy

    Biblical Anthropology I: The Nature of Human Beings and Human Life according to the Bible.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II.

    Culture and Christianity VII: Jury Duty, Witnessing, Biometry, Military Service et al.

    Culture and Christianity VI: Halloween, Holidays, Aliens, and Christian Applications.

    Angelic Issues V: Michael, the Angel of the Lord, Christophany, demons, cherubs, and Satan's revolt.

    Angelic Issues IV:  Satan's Revolt in the Plan of God.

    New Testament Interpretation: Melchizedek, 'Forsake not Assembly', 'Women Remain Silent', Water-Baptism, Tongues, Prophecy, Intervention of Departed Believers.

    Lost my salvation II?

    All about Ichthys: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord. 

    Genesis Questions.

    Fallen Angels, Demons, Nephilim, and the Devil's Methodology.

    End Times Interpretation II.

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief.

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God.

    End Times Interpretation.

    Grace versus Law.

    Communion and the Spiritual Death of Christ.

    Sinlessness and 1st John.

    Israelology, Anti-Semitism, the Remnant, Gentiles, Lost Tribes, Jewish Myths.

    "Soul Sleep" versus our true Heavenly State.

    Christology Questions III: The Angel of the Lord, the Lamb Slain, monogenes.

    Angelic Issues III: Demons, Satan, Elders, Female Angels and Guardians.

    Against Universalism III: Unbelievers in the Plan of God.

    Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.

    Marriage "Matters".

    In Need of Guidance and Encouragement.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations V.

    Servants, Slaves, Disciples, and Ministers.

    Baptism: Water and Spirit II.

    Bible Interpretation III: David's Anointing, Stephen versus Genesis, Triplets, This People, and more.

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice.

    Scripture versus Personal Experience.

    Calvinism, Covenants and Catholicism.

    Culture and Christianity V: Temporal Authority vs. Biblical Application.

    False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security III.

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism IV: Unclean and Impure?

    Things to Come III: The Wrath of God and the Fate of the Beast's Army.

    God Works All Things Together for Good.

    The 7 Trumpets, the 7 Kings, Nephilim, Antichrist and Revived Rome.

    The Coming Tribulation and the Kingdom of God.

    Sin, Confession and Forgiveness.

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IV.

    Culture and Christianity IV: Doing one's job as 'unto the Lord', the peril's of 'heroic medicine', Christian perspectives on legalizing marijuana, when lying is not a sin, and when life begins.

    Eschatology Issues V: "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons".

    Ichthys and Contemporary Christianity.

    Gospel Questions V: Help my Unbelief, Respecting our Enemies, etc.

    The Two Witnesses of the Tribulation: Moses and Elijah.

    The Apostles, the Jerusalem Council, and Legalism then and now.

    Aspects of the Christian Walk: Gambling, Lying, Christmas, Judging, Worrying, et al.

    No Rapture

    Believers in the World: Using our Free Will to Respond to the Lord

    Christology Questions II: The Serpent Lifted and the Cross, Jesus' Infallibility, Destroy this Temple, the Sign Spoken Against, His Glorification, the Spirit's Anointing, and the Necessity for His Humanity.

    Paul's Jerusalem Error, Worshiping Truly, the Priesthood of the Believer, and Peter's Vision of the Impure Food

    Christian Trials and Testing

    Gospel Questions IV: The Prophet, the rich man in Hades, Peter's wife, the 'eleven' and the 'twelve' apostles, 'the world could not contain' (Jn.21:25), and progressive revelation.

    Eschatology Issues IV: Israeli politics, 'This Generation', Signs of the Times, the Beast presently alive?, 'Flee Babylon', Preparing for the Tribulation, and 'was, is not, will be'.

    John's Water-Baptism versus the Baptism of the Holy Spirit

    Eschatology Issues III: Over-focusing on Revelation, the Seven Churches, Enoch versus Elijah, and the Symbolism of the Menorah

    The Purpose of Chronicles, Cyrus the Persian, the Chronology of the Exodus Plagues, Qumran and Isaiah, Nebuchadnezzar's Madness, and Jeremiah 31:22, "A Woman will Embrace a Man".

    Aaron and the Golden Calf, Mount Zion, Moses and Zipporah, the high priest's attire, and the ark of the covenant.

    Aspects of the Genesis Curse on Animals, the Tree of Knowing Good and Evil, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel of the Lord, and Kainam.

    The City of David, the Star of David, Solomon's Wisdom, and the Song of Solomon.

    The Israelites at Kadesh and 'not entering the Land of Promise'.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.

    Sin and Spiritual Transformation.

    Cults and Christianity IV

    Cults and Christianity III

    Cults and Christianity II

    Cults and Christianity.

    One Baptism: the True Meaning of Peter's Words at Acts 2:38.

    Apostasy and the Sin unto Death, the Conscience and Sanctification.

    The Plan of God and Individual Salvation (excerpt from BB 4B)

    In Your Anger, do not Sin:  Ephesians 4:26 and the Sin Nature

    Bible Interpretation II: Easter, Abiathar, the Hyssop-Blood Cross, Baal, the Scarlet Thread, Names of God, Adiaphoria, and Mezentius.

    Spiritual Warfare II

    Culture and Christianity III

    Have I Lost my Salvation?

    On the Firing Line: Encouragement in Christian Trials

    Eschatology and the Old Testament

    Prayer and our Walk with Jesus.

    Issues of Canonicity II: Aramaic, Enoch, KJV, and the Pastorals

    Bible Vocabulary and Bible Word Studies

    Satan, his Demons, and the Gnostics

    Antichrist: Alive and Well and Living on Planet Earth?

    The Nature of Angels

    Our Eternal Future: Life after Death for Believers in Jesus Christ

    Giants and Nephilim, Sumerian Myths, and Sea Monsters

    Dreams and Visions II

    The Golden Rule

    The Divinity of Jesus Christ

    Free-Will Faith and the Will of God

    Some Sensitive Topics III

    The Spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy: explaining James 4:5.

    Faith: What is it?

    The Seven-Fold Spirit of God.

    Free-Will Faith in the Plan of God.

    Putting the Word of God First.

    Free-Will Faith.

    The False Doctrine of "Soul Sleep" II.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security II.

    The Plan of God

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism III

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism II

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism.

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 2

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 1

    Mega-Churches, Emergent Christianity, Spirituality and Materialism.

    Epignosis, Christian Epistemology, and Spiritual Growth.

    Jephthah's Daughter, Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage.

    Christian Unity and Divisiveness.

    Death, Martyrdom and Resurrection.

    Blessing, Cursing, and Prayer.

    Freedom and Responsibility.

    Fighting the Good Fight of Faith.

    Only-Begotten, Mother-of-God, On-this-Rock: English-only Interpretation is Dangerous.

    The Greek Text of the New Testament and some Issues of Textual Criticism.

    What does the name 'Christian' mean?

    Some Jewish Issues.

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment (part 2).

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment.

    Sin and Forgiveness.

    Spring Special: The Millennial Regathering and Purging of Israel.

    Life Begins at Birth.

    Culture and Christianity II

    Culture and Christianity I

    The Saved and the Unsaved

    Last Things and Last Judgments

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry IV

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry III

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry II

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry I

    More on Antichrist and his Kingdom

    Antichrist and Babylon

    Prophecy Questions.

    Theological Questions

    Heavenly Things.

    Dysfunctional Churches.

    Some Sensitive Topics II.

    Christmas Special: The Judgment and Reward of the Church.

    What is God's Will?


    Thanksgiving Leftovers.

    Combating Legalism VI

    Combating Legalism V

    Combating Legalism IV

    Combating Legalism III

    Combating Legalism II

    Combating Legalism I

    Aspects of the False Doctrine of Institutional Security

    Chronological Order of the Books of the Bible II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations III

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations I

    Gospel Questions III: Least in the kingdom, Millstones, Pennies, Pebbles, Babes, Rhaka, Tallits, and the Crown of Thorns.

    Gospel Questions II: Jesus' Turning Water to Wine, Sweating Blood, Walking on Water, Washing the Disciples' Feet, and the Promise of Freedom."

    Things to Come II: Genesis Rapture, Daniel's Weeks, Seven Kings, Signs of the Apocalypse, Tribulational Suffering, Seven Seals, the Bride of Christ, and Mystery Babylon.

    Things to Come: The Half Hour, the 144,000, the Book of Life, Rewards, the Beast's Kingdom, the Great Apostasy, and the so-called 'Partial Rapture'.

    Satan and the Existence of Evil.

    The Holy Spirit: Blasphemy against, Restraining Ministry, and Gender.

    Spiritual Gifts and Spiritual Growth

    Christian Love, the Golden Rule, Christian Military Service and Self-Defense.

    Issues of Canonicity: Apocrypha, Enoch, and Inspiration.

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality.

    Numbers, Letters, and the Mark of the Beast.

    Gospel Questions I: Jesus' Life, the Gospels and Cherubs, and who Wrote Matthew.

    More Questions about Genesis.

    Naaman, Nero, Nineveh, and Senacharib.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security.

    Choosing Hell: Questions about Salvation and the Love of God.

    The Chronology of the End.

    The Route of the Israelites in Crossing the Red Sea.

    Some Issues of Transmission, Translation, and Transliteration: The Camel and the Needle, etc.

    Aspects of the Life of Christ: Jesus' siblings, the man born blind, et al.

    Jesus is God and man.

    Jesus is God.

    Redemption, the Blood of Christ, Christ our Passover, and The Passion of the Christ.

    Eschatology Issues II: Angelic bodies, heaven and hell, Satan and the Nephilim, etc.

    The Book of Job and Biblical Interpretation.

    Some Questions about Eternity.

    Who Controls our Thoughts and Emotions?

    The Day of the Lord.

    Sleep as a Euphemism for Death.

    Literal Hell.

    Christ's Preaching to the Spirits in Hell (1Pet.3:18-20), & Michael's Rebuke of Satan (2Pet.2:10-11 ).

    Recovering from Sin.

    The Timing of the Resurrection.

    Dispensations, the Church, the Rapture, and the Destruction of the Universe.

    Christianity versus Contemporary Kitsch.

    Purpose Driven Life, Oprah's New Age Religion, et al.

    Lot, Esau, and Cain: Learning through Negative Examples.

    Against Universalism II: Only Believers are Saved.

    Against Universalism I: Free Will and the Image of God.

    Courage in the Fight.

    Demon Influences.

    Sabbath Questions.

    The Seven Edens and the Eden of Adam and Eve.

    Opposition to the Genesis Gap from the Creation Research Institute et al.

    Mary 'Full of Grace'?

    Changing the Name of God?

    The Beast:  Some Questions about Antichrist.

    The Book of Revelation:  Some Questions.

    Red Hot or Lukewarm? Bible Teaching versus Sermonizing.

    The Last Judgment and the Great White Throne.

    Baptism:  Water and Spirit.

    Spiritual  Marathons.

    Christology:  Some Questions on the Life of Christ.

    Regarding Ichthys.

    Train up a Child in the Way he should Go.

    War, History, and Politics.

    Unbelief and its Consequences.

    Dreams and Visions.

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

    Free Will and Faith under Pressure.

    Angelic Issues II.

    Science and the Bible.

    Bible Interpretation I:  Academics, Versions et al.

    Faith in the Word of God: the Basis of all True Worship.

    Aspects of the Resurrection II.

    Faith and Encouragement in the midst of Fiery Trials.

    Some Sensitive Topics.

    Jethro, Amenhotep, Iraq, the Catacombs, and the KJV.

    Eschatology Issues: The Fig Tree, Ezekiel 38, Joel 3, and the Trumpets.

    Christ the Rock, the Rooster's Crow, and the Cross.

    Applying Faith II: Production, Forgiveness, Circumcision, Truth over People.

    Applying Faith: Eating, Drinking, and Vacation.

    The Tree of Life, Communion, and the Virgin Birth.

    Grammar Questions.

    Can Prayer Be Offered From Heaven? & Some Genesis Questions.

    Walking the Path of Faith through the Light of the Word of God.

    Salvation on the battlefield, truth revealed to infants, and damnation.

    Preparing for Tribulation.

    Divine Sovereignty and Divine Judgment.

    God's Free Gift of Salvation.

    Should Christians wear Jewelry?

    The Lord's Prayer.

    The Events Surrounding the Birth of Christ.

    Cremation or Burial?

    Zechariah, Demon Possession, Marriage, Spiritual Experiences, and Bible Prophecy.

    No Grounds for Divorce?

    The Shape of the Universe, Hominids, and the Genesis Gap.

    Taking Personal Responsibility: Interest, Bankruptcy, Gambling, and Employment.

    The Seven Churches, the Judgment Seat of Christ,  and other issues in Eschatology.

    The Canonicity of the book of Hebrews.

    Great White Throne, the Last Judgment, and the Outer Darkness.

    Political Action versus Biblical Christianity.

    Study Tools and Methodologies.


    The Gospel and the Kingdom of God.

    Pursuing a Deeper Relationship with Jesus and Christian Epistemology.

    The Origin and the Danger of the Pre-Tribulational Rapture Theory.

    The Divinity of the Spirit and the Percentage of those who are Saved.

    Should Christians ever consider getting a lawyer?

    Pastoral Authority, Popes, Pat Robertson, and Pelagianism.

    Some Questions on Church Polity.

    Apostles and Evangelism

    Luther, Arminius, Calvin, Kant, Ironside, Tutu and Thieme.

    Angelic Issues.

    Transmutation, Resuscitation, and Resurrection.

    Is the Soul a tertium quid?

    More on the Documentary Hypothesis and More on the Rapture.

    Enoch's Walk with God and Some Questions in the Gospels.

    The Influence of the Renaissance and Rationalism on the Church and Cutting off Arms in Malachi 2:3.

    Sabbath Observance.

    1st John 5:20 & Romans 6:23.

    Eschatology Questions.

    Baptism and Following Jesus.

    Where is Armageddon?

    Assurance of Salvation.

    The Cross, Sin, and the Devil in God's Plan.

    More on: Spiritual Gifts; Hats & Hair; the Age of Accountability.

    Daniel 9:25 and Daniel 11:30.

    Who will populate earth during the Millennium?  and  Asking for Wisdom: James 1:5.

    Was Judas Saved?, The Gospel of Judas, and Issues of Canonicity.

    Is 'My Son' Israel or Jesus in Hosea 11:1?  &  How do you Prove Sin to Someone?

    Did Matthew Write his Gospel in Hebrew?

    Christian Crowns, Pagan Names, and the Time of the Cock-Crow.

    Child-like Faith, Mark vs. Matthew, the Mahdi, and 'Who was with God in the Beginning?

    True Orthodoxy and False Creeds.

    Foot-washing, Bitter Herbs, Baptism, and Borrowed Faith.

    All Things Charismatic.

    Friday versus Thursday Crucifixion.

    Jesus' Cursing of the Fig Tree, Apostasy, and 'Feng Shui'.

    The Genesis Serpent, Using "it" to refer to the baby Jesus, and more on Tattoos.

    Combating Gnosticism.

    Resisting the Devil.

    Why did Jesus choose John over James to take care of His mother Mary?

    Antichrist's 'desire of women' in Daniel 11:37 et al.

    Do recent catastrophes have a divine origin?

    Does God really want us to be sick and poor?  Revisiting the prosperity gospel.

    Why did our Lord Jesus arise from the tribe of Judah?

    What will our relationship be in heaven with children who died young?

    The baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from speaking in tongues.

    The Grammar behind the Genesis Gap.

    The Great White Throne Judgment.

    Moses and Zipporah.

    The Victory of Faith.

    Does God's choice of us eliminate our free will?

    Why does God allow bad things to happen?

    The Bible as "divine", roof prayer, and tattoos.

    Character in Hebrews 1:3, et al.

    Exorcism, et al.

    "Are the children of unbelievers lost if they die before receiving Christ?"

    How not to get "left behind".

    "Is baptism necessary for salvation?"

    "The nature of life after death."

    "The personality of the Holy Spirit."

    "The dragon of Revelation 12 and the talking idol of Revelation 13."

    "Bound by Satan in Luke 13:16, language and the Tower of Babel, Daniel's 70th week, and the number 12."

    "Infirmities and Diseases in Matthew 8:17"

    "The Leftover Baskets of Bread and Fish in John 6."

    "Waiting for the Ascension" and "Amos 4:11".

    Why was Canaan cursed?

    Should Christians have a competitive attitude?

    John "leapt for joy" in the womb - or did he?

    Satanic Influence in Video Games and Television.

    Moving Mountains:  Matthew 21:21

    Not a hair shall be lost? Luke 21:16 versus Luke 21:18.

    The reign of antichrist:  7 years or 3 and 1/2 years?

    The Trinity in Scripture.

    The Ark of the Covenant.

    "Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6" and "Ezekiel 9:4 and the Mark of the Beast"

    "Word Counts in the Bible", "Him whom they Pierced (Rev.1:7)", and "Necromancy".

    "Waiting for a Savior" and "The Direction East in the Bible"


    Is there a purgatory according to the Bible?

    Your desire shall be for your husband: Genesis 3:16.

    Have I committed the unforgivable sin?

    Is the local church meant to be a patriarchy?

    Why doesn't the Bible mention all of the prophets of the children of Israel?

    The True "Victorious Life".

    Tohu in Genesis 1:2 and the Cause of the Darkness.

    Why Doesn't God Prevent All Children from Dying?

    Why were Christians being regarded as "evil-doers" in 1st Peter 2:12?

    The Scofield Reference Bible.

    Phylacteries and the Mark of the Beast, and "What about Joseph?"

    Feeling desperate and alone.

    Is Tithing net or gross?

    Assembly of the local church, and Jesus' use of "I AM" from Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58

    The "burden of the Lord" in Jeremiah 23:32-40, and judgment for idle words in Matthew 12:36-37.

    The importance of spiritual resiliency.

    Does God use disease to discipline us?

    Recovering from Cult Exposure.

    Variability in Christian Testing and Personal Tribulation.

    Is there any value to the Apocrypha?

    The Communion Ceremony outside of the local church.

    The Christian Walk, the End, and Tattoos.

    Should Christians honor Sunday as the new Sabbath?

    Chronological order of the books of the Bible.

    Doubt, light, missed opportunities et al.

    Addicted to Sin.

    Corporate prayer in Matthew 18:19:  "when two agree on earth".

    What does the Bible say about humor?

    The value of cumulative prayer.

    Our Heavenly, Pre-Resurrection, Interim State.

    How could a loving God order the destruction of the Canaanites?

    Should Christians observe the Torah?

    Church Polity and three other passages.

    Walking with Jesus.

    Tongues: does 'no man' understand?

    The few saved, the door in heaven, visions of heavenly realities, and Christmas.

    Spiritual Warfare.

    Christian suffering and spiritual maturity.

    Aliens, antichrist, and eschatology.

    Does exceptionally sinful behavior indicate that a Christian has lost salvation?

    Should Christians celebrate Jewish festivals?

    The Deaths of the 12 Disciples / Apostles of Christ.

    Categories of Sin in Psalm 19.

    Some brief answers on a variety of topics.

    Pastoral Support, Pastoral Preparation, and the Purpose of Assembly.

    Eternal Rewards.

    Encouragement, Isaiah 6:11-13, and the Hope of Repentance.

    Questioning the Genesis Gap.

    Dinosaurs, the Nephilim, Noah, et al.

    How much should we pay our pastor?

    More about Women Preachers.

    Is it wrong for me to celebrate Easter?

    The Remnant in Isaiah 6:13.

    The Big Distinction.

    The Day of the Lord in 2nd Peter 3:10.

    The Day of the Lord.

    Church History.

    The Sealing of the Holy Spirit.

    Visions of Angels: Colossians 2:18.

    Waiting on God's timing:  patience in testing.

    "Your Throne, O God":  Psalm 45:6.

    Moses striking the Rock.

    Procreation and Creation.

    What is meant by the phrase "the Lord's footstool"?

    1st Peter 3:3-5

    A conversation about divorce and remarriage.

    Faith in the midst of the fiery trial.

    Hebrews 10:26 again, and two other notes on Arthur Pink and the Greek word diakonos.

    What is the correct translation of Isaiah 59:19?

    Is the star of Acts 7:43 the star of David?

    Some questions about Nimrod and Christmas trees, Tongues, and Healing

    Is Jesus the only One ever to restore sight?

    What happens to people who were born and died prior to the birth of Christ?

    Which is better, the King James Version or the New King James Version?

    What is the minimum necessary to be saved?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 2)?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 1)?

    Psalm 22:1, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"

    The "Mind of Christ" in 1st Corinthians 2:16

    Simeon and Simon, and the two crows of the rooster

    Ichthys, saints, and the Last Adam

    Does Hebrews 10:26 teach loss of salvation?

    Eternal security: where does one draw the line?

    Who are Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38-39?

    How did John the baptist come to doubt Jesus?

    Is Jesus literally seated on the throne at God's right hand?

    Are the Celts the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    Whatever happened to the "Genesis Gap"?

    "The baptism which now saves you":  1st Peter 3:21.

    Hebrew Language Study Tools.

    What type of healing is being discussed in Isaiah 53:5?

    The Origin of the Four Seasons

    2nd Peter 3:5: Doubting the Tribulation

    Tent-making and Galatians 6:6

    A Question about Ichthys books

    Biblical Metaphors and Symbolism

    Faith and the Pre-Tribulational "Rapture".

    Faith Healing.

    Bible translation and John 8:58.

    Melchizedek and the high priesthood of Christ:  two questions et alia.

    In need of encouragement.

    The centurion and the Syro-Phoenician woman.

    Who is the Meshiach?

    A Sadducean Question

    What is "heaven" like according to Christian teachings?

    Acts 20:28: Whose Blood?

    1st Corinthians 11:  Hats or Hair?

    Confession of Sin, Fellowship, and the Filling of the Holy Spirit.

    A Miscellany of Questions and Answers (Nineveh, the beast, tongues, demons, Sadam, etc.)

    Some Greek Questions in the Gospels (John 1:3; 2:19; 8:58; Luke 23:43)

    Is Man trichotomous, and does that mean that salvation is three-tiered?

    Questioning the Trinity

    The blood of Christ

    Christ knocking at the door in Revelation 3:20

    The futility of memory without God and eternal life.

    The meaning of Jesus' words, "I am" in John 8:58

    What does the Bible say about Heaven and Hell?

    Peace in 1st Corinthians 14:33

    Salvation and Church Affiliation.

    Several questions on the book of Hebrews.

    Does the Bible prohibit women from preaching or teaching in the Church?

    Should Christian leaders refrain from drinking in public?

    How to use the Bible translations at Ichthys.

    The Worship of Jesus:  a proof of His divinity?

    An Extended Conversation about the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.

    Is water baptism required for Christians today?

    Are health and wealth a part of the gospel?

    Will those in Hades be able to see Christ's return?

    Feelings of Guilt about Remarriage.

    Who are the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    What does "the Word was with God" mean in John 1:1-2?

    Three questions on three verses in Isaiah (Is.21:4; 28:10, & 66:24).

    How important is education for a pastor?

    Does Hebrews 10:26-35 ("deliberate sinning" etc.) mean that a believer can lose his or her salvation?

    Availability and use of Ichthys materials: several questions.

    Is there any difference between demons and fallen angels?

    Confronting atheism.

    Two questions about Judas Iscariot.

    Three Questions about Tattoos and Salvation.

    The Hebrew word for 'one' (`echadh) and the uniqueness of God.

    Did the witch of Endor really conjure up the spirit of Samuel?

    A Question about the "Waters Above".

    Why did God the Father wait so long to send Jesus into the world?

    How does being "slain in the Spirit" relate to being baptized in the Spirit?

    How do you prove the existence of God?

    Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God?

    Is it ever Justifiable to Tell a Lie (part 2)?

    Seeing double in Matthew.

    Mary, Joseph, and Nazareth.

    Is the Westminster Catechism a Good Reference Tool?

    What does it mean "the spirit returns to God" in Ecclesiastes 12:7?

    Is there any Connection between biblical Gemstones and Moral Characteristics?

    Are Miraculous Gifts Operational Today?

    Jesus Christ in the Old Testament (Christophany: Gen.3:8).

    Can those in organizations which teach "salvation by works" be saved?

    Is "helpmeet" a wrong translation in Genesis 2:20?

    Our will and God's WILL.

    Cast thy Bread upon the Waters:  What do the seven and eight portions in Ecclesiastes 11:2 mean?

    Was Cain Satan's literal "seed"?

    The Demon Possessed Girl in Acts 16:16.

    The "Sin unto Death" in 1st John 5:16.

    Is death just a natural part of human life?

    Communion and the Blood of Christ.

    What does it mean in 1st Corinthians 7:14, "the unbelieving husband is sanctified"?

    The Re-institution of the Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium.

    Secular Documentation for the Exodus.

    The false doctrine of "soul sleep".

    The Author of Hebrews and Jesus' Perfect Completion of His Mission.

    The Trinity in Isaiah 63:10-15.

    How old was Jesus at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection?

    Five Smooth Stones: 1st Samuel 17:40

    How can we know the Bible is true?

    The name "Jesus".

    Habakkuk's Prosperity Prayer: Habakkuk 3:17-19.

    Jeremiah 31:22: "A Woman shall Compass a Man".

    The New International Version of the Bible and some issues in Bible translation.

    Is "the Prophet" of Deuteronomy 18:18 Muhammad?

    The One True God and the Trinity in the Old Testament.

    Are those in Hebrews 6:4 who "crucify the Son of God afresh" lost?

    Are New Bible Translations Part of a Conspiracy?

    What exactly is the "red heifer prophecy", and how does it relate to the events of the end times?

    Where did the waters of Genesis 1 go?

    Interpreting Revelation

    Sin, Baptism, and the Book of Revelation

    Tithing and the Book of Life

    The Dangers of the Prosperity Gospel.

    English and the Tower of Babel.

    The "Seven Thunders" of Revelation 10:3-4

    The fate of the unrighteous dead in Isaiah 66:24

    Who are the "sons of the kingdom" in Matthew 18:11-12?

    Why does Judah get greater honor than Jerusalem in Zechariah 12:7?

    Are there Female Angels?

    Longevity in the Millennium.

    How is the date of Easter computed?

    What is the meaning of the 1290 days versus the 1335 days in Daniel 12?

    What Church era are we now in?

    The mark of the beast.

    Christophany in the Exodus.

    Can you explain "help my unbelief!" in Mark 9:24?

    What does it mean to "overcome" in Revelation chapters 2 and 3?

    Are women required to wear veils or hats in church?

    Is the world about to come to an end?

    Does the Bible ever describe the earth as being round?

    Pre-, mid-, or post-Tribulation rapture?

    Pearls before swine.

    Recognizing the Messiah.

    The gift of healing.

    The origin and fate of the "giants" in Genesis chapter six.

    Christian suffering - Christian encouragement.

    Is speaking in tongues biblical?

    Is speaking in tongues a sin?

    Can you recommend a good commentary on the book of Romans?

    Aspects of the resurrection.

    The recipients of Peter's epistles.

    Pre- or Post-Tribulation "rapture"?

    The lives of the prophets.

    The old prophet who lied.

    Animal sacrifice in the millennium.

    Is it ever justifiable to lie?

    Who wrote the King James version?

    The meaning of the divine name יהוה.

    The so-called "documentary hypothesis".

    The relationship between the books of Kings and Chronicles.

    David's disastrous census of Israel.

    Aspects of the Unseen Angelic Warfare and 666, the Mark of the Beast.

    The 200 million strong demon army of Revelation 9:13.

    Deliverance through Childbearing in 1st Timothy 2:15?

    Some questions about the Tribulation.

    More on divorce and remarriage.

    Divorce and remarriage.

    The antecedents of ICHTHYS.

    What does it mean to "remember the Sabbath and keep it holy"?

    The manner of the apostle Peter's death.

    Wasn't Matthias the thirteenth apostle?

    Forward progress necessary for salvation and spiritual growth.

    The "seven days" of human history.

    1st John 1:9 and confessing sin.

    ICHTHYS and the role of traditional Christianity.

    Can you recommend a good survey for the Old and New Testaments?

    Where can I find more information on the "Genesis gap"?

    Is Church membership an issue in salvation?

    Can you recommend a church?

    Are these materials available for purchase as books?

    A bit of autobiography.

    What is your opinion of the Abingdon one-volume Bible Commentary?

    What is the significance of the number "20" in the Bible?

    The 144,000 of Revelation chapters 7 and 14.

    What is your view on predestination?

    Who is "true Israel"?

    The chronology of the date 2026.

    Does baptism play a role in being born again?

    Why does the devil have access to God while man cannot stand in His presence?

    The structure of the book of Revelation.

    What is your view of the rapture?

    What is meant by the "10 days" of Revelation 2:10?

    Dragons in the Bible?

    Are there apostles in the Church today?

    What is the meaning of the word "chosen" in the Bible.

    The Passover.

    What are the most common Bible names?

    What is the biblical significance of the number forty?

    What does the Bible have to say about witchcraft?

    How can I protect myself from false teaching?

    Didn't the devil know he couldn't defeat God?

    Are the Masons wrong according to the Bible?

    Six Questions.

    Can the faith of "backsliders" be restored?

    Are there biblical origins to mythology?

    What does the phrase "sides of the pit" mean in Isaiah 14:15?

    Can prayer be offered in the name of the Son?

    Election and John 6:37?

    Is it valid to celebrate Christmas?

    Can you give me some information on divine names in the Bible?

    What is the significance of name changes in the Bible?

    Is faith a "gift of God"?

    Is there a "gospel of Thomas"?

    Is the nature of Man dichotomous or trichotomous?

    Will the temple be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

    Does the Bible teach a literal Millennium?

    What does the word "good" mean in Genesis?

    Who are "the dead" who "rise first" in 1st Thessalonians 4?

    Are the Greek tenses in John 7:34 correctly translated?

    Is the devil "mad" to oppose God?

    Does the Bible require supporting the pastor financially?

    How can Jesus be a man and God at the same time?

    How did people atone for intentional sin in Old Testament times?

    What is the symbolism of the Lamb of God in Revelation?

    Can you recommend some word study tools for Bible study?

    Can people who commit suicide be saved?

    Are tattoos biblical?

    Is it "ichthys" or "ichthus"?

    What is the difference between wisdom and discernment?

    Marriage of Believers and Unbelievers.

    Is hearing believing in John 6:35?

    How certain a date is 2026?

    Is Paul describing himself in Romans chapter seven?

    Is tithing required for salvation?

    What is the evidence for the "rapture"?

    Is there any validity to the "prosperity gospel"?

    Who are the "Nephilim" in Genesis chapter six?

    Church attendance.

    Is there a literal "devil"?

    What does the Bible have to say about reincarnation?

    What is the unpardonable sin?

    Believing the Bible for Spiritual Growth.

    Why was the New Testament written in Greek?

    What about those who have never heard of Christ?

    What about elders and deacons?

    Eternal Security and "sinless perfection".

    Eternal Security and "salvation by works".

    Does the Bible teach ex nihilo creation?

    When did Jesus first know He was God's Son?

    Are there prophets today?

    Despairing of life.

    How important is baptism?

    How could Christ have been three days and nights in the grave?

    Do Muslims worship the One true God?

    What can I do about spiritual fainting?


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