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Peace to you!
Can you help me out regarding a question on Greek word: ὑπηρέτας
1 Cor 4:1 servant (ὑπηρέτας) from ὑπό (under) and ēressō, "to row" = under rower, assistant rower, subordinate rower:
Leon Morris: a lower class of servant
Barclay: the lower bank of trireme
Is it true that in classic literature, it is not in use for that. In NT: not too distinguish with διάκονος / diakonos / deacon (does not have the meaning of "lower").
Is this statement accurate?
You're correct. In the NT the word hyperetes means "servant" and is a
synonym for diakonos ("deacon"). My sense of it is that hyperetes
tends to be more of an "official" position than diakonos (although there
are examples where that is reversed for both words). But the "naval" aspect of
hyperetes is not present in any of its usages in the NT, and that is
often the case in Classical literature as well; also with the corresponding
verb, "to serve": hypereteo, which has nothing to do with rowing. So one
has to take instances in their context.
How are you doing?
I keep you in my prayers every day.
In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,
Thank you very much for your email. I was told that it is not a good word study method to break down the Greek compound word. Is it true?
Thank you again for remembering me in your prayers every day. It means so much to me. I need it very much.
The etymology of a Greek word may be helpful in illustrating its
meaning, but a word in any language "means what it means" as it is
actually used by those who speak the language in question – and often
original etymologies are overlooked or even entirely forgotten in how we
actually use words. So this practice word study you mention is indeed
often overdone, as I have noticed, especially in Christian circles.
For example, the English word "obnoxious" means "extremely unpleasant". However, it comes from a Latin word spelled almost exactly the same combining "ob" ("against / relating to") and "noxa" ("harm") and comes to mean "guilty" in Latin, and even more often "dependent". But it would be wrong to conclude that if someone calls me "obnoxious" they mean to say that I am guilty of something because I am "responsible for harm" by appealing to the etymology, or even worse "dependent upon them" because that is the way the word was often used in Latin.
I'm happy to keep you on my personal prayer list, my friend!
Wishing you a blessed weekend.
In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,
I have a Bible question. I am going to an adult Sunday school class at my church, and we are reading a book titled The Path, which has excerpts from the Bible (New Revised Standard Version). I prefer King James, but what the hey. We have just finished Chapter 4, and we are in Genesis, and the title of the chapter is “Joseph Had a Dream.” One section supposedly comes from Bible text, and it is the section where the brothers are annoyed with Joseph when he tells them his dream—and it reads as follows: “His brothers said to him, ‘Are you indeed to reign over us? Are you indeed to have dominion over us?’ So they hated him even more because of his dreams and his words.”
My priest has talked about Hebrew and how highly connotative it is—and how many words/synonyms there are (at times) for a single word in English. I would really like to know how the final word (words) might be understood in Hebrew and in Greek. (I’m sorry I don’t have the chapter and verse—it isn’t in the text.) I was talking about this with my priest after our session, and she does not know Hebrew or Greek, but she is also very interested in whatever words might mean (or what suggestions might accompany words) in Hebrew and Greek. I told her, “I know the perfect person to ask.”
So I’m asking.
On the passage, this is Genesis 37:8. I read it over in Hebrew and it's
very straightforward language. The version you quoted is right on the
money. The word "indeed" in both instances is actually the Hebrew idiom
where the verb is essentially doubled by use of the infinitive absolute
added to it. Cf. Genesis 2:17 "dying you shall die" or "thou shalt
surely die" (KJV).
The only other thing of note is that the verb used of his brothers to express that they "hated him even more" is derived from the same root as Joseph's name. His name is from the root yashaph meaning "to increase", and that verb is often used, as it is here, to indicate the increase in some other verbal idea (here "to hate more"). So one could say that his brothers "Josephed to hate Joseph" – at least that is the paronomasia in the Hebrew (doesn't really work in English).
"Surely in a flood of great waters they will not reach him".
The "him" here is the godly one mentioned and the "they" some enemy? Or is it God Who will not be reached in a flood of great waters unless He is sought in a time when He may be found?
The "they" are the waters (which represent disaster), so this refers to the protection of those who put trust in God, kept safe as we are in our trials and troubles: the destruction of the rising waters is kept from us.
On Romans 16:24, NASB says that this verse was not in early manuscripts. Is it a part of the Bible? It does seem like a weird thing to say at that point. From verse twenty five, his closing comments and greetings just seemed redundant with verse twenty four coming just before. Did the interpolation (if it was one) do anything other than spoil the flow of reading there?
NASB 95 is correct: While a fine sentiment, this is a later interpolation and not a part of scripture.
Ephesians 3:18. "...the breadth and length and height and depth..." of what does Paul mean here, Sir?
This is Paul's way of summing up the totality of what may be known and experienced of the love and knowledge of Jesus Christ (Greek leaving out the object as often): that is what he prays for us in the next verse, that we may come "to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge; that you may be filled with all the fullness of God".
"For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith."
Could Paul mean here that we are looking forward to perfect freedom from sin in our bodies, that is, resurrection?
Yes, the "hope" is the resurrection at Christ's return (and everything connected thereto). That is what we believers "eagerly await".
"For not even those who are circumcised keep the law, but they desire to have you circumcised that they may boast in your flesh"
This puts me in mind of James's conduct with Paul when the latter came to Jerusalem. Is that a reasonable assessment?
James did not demand circumcision of any of Paul's gentile companions on that occasion (so far as we know); however it is true that the insidious request made of Paul – to which he wrongly acceded – was legalism of this very sort. Incidentally, while Acts 21:18 says that Paul went "to James and the elders", Acts 21:21 does not specifically mention James as the one who made this terrible suggestion; we only have an unidentified third person plural in the verbs going forward. I think we can conclude from this that while James failed to assert his authority here, the impetus was not from him. In this way his conduct is parallel to Paul's, namely, giving way to legalism though not sponsoring it. If either he or Paul had objected on the basis of grace, I feel certain that the other one would have supported him. As it is, we can only wonder.
Galatians 6:16. The "Israel of God" is this new creation or creature, isn't it? And it is the Church, right?
Yes, and it includes all Jewish believers – which is the point that Paul is making here: only Jewish believers are part of the Church, but the Church, gentiles together with Jews, is "the Israel of God", "built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets" (Eph.2:20).
Galatians 6:17. What does Paul mean here by marks?
The word here is stigmata and refers to scars on his back from the many times Paul was scourged in service to the Church of Jesus Christ:
From the Jews five times I received forty stripes minus one.
2nd Corinthians 11:24 NKJV
What does Paul mean here?
For I have no one like-minded, who will sincerely care for your state. For all seek their own, not the things which are of Christ Jesus.
Philippians 2:20-21 NKJV
In contrast to those of Paul's companions who had abandoned him and the work of the Lord, this "sincere care" is the proper perspective all Christians should have. There is nothing in this world of any value or true interest to us besides Jesus Christ: Him, His Church, His truth; and if we are truly walking in that way, we are eager for the other side, both because we know how blessed it will be in comparison to the vanity of this world, but also because of the rewards we anticipate.
Whom have I in heaven but you? And earth has nothing I desire besides you.
Psalm 73:25 NIV
For what thanks can we render to God for you, for all the joy with which we rejoice for your sake before our God, night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face and perfect what is lacking in your faith?
1 Thessalonians 3:9-10
Could you explain about completing what is lacking in another's faith?
Paul is anxious to be present with the Thessalonians and to continue to teach them so that they may have all the truth they need: "to make up the deficiencies in the things you need to believe", that is, the truth they still require to grow.
In Psalm 46:3, as to the "mountains" in "though the mountains quake at its swelling pride", are they literal or metaphorical or both? I feel that they are both with the metaphor referring to the powerful among us. Is that a meaningful interpretation?
I take this to mean that no matter what happens in the world – even if we experience things that are dreadfully frightening and unprecedented – we are not to fear because we trust the Lord to deliver us. A good thing to remember on the cusp of the Tribulation (cf. Lk.21:25-26).
Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things are noble, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good report, if there is any virtue and if there is anything praiseworthy—meditate on these things.
Philippians 4:8 NKJV
These things Paul says we should dwell on are really The Word of Truth, right, Sir? I know that at one time I figured that there are things that are good, noble, true, right etc to think about and I tried to but they didn't always have much, if anything, to do with the Word of Truth. And there was someone who told me during a discussion that this was his rule of thumb for making decisions, if memory serves me right. It seems to me that this is often interpreted to mean that we should occupy our minds with things that are considered of good reputation which may not be necessarily associated with the Bible. Is this true? Or is Paul saying that we should occupy our minds with the Truth?
The truth indeed. The truth distilled in our hearts into principles of truth. This may be Bible verses whose full meaning we understand; it may be principles of truth which are based upon a correct understanding of what the Bible teaches, i.e., "being saved" – even if we don't immediately think of a particular verse.
On Philippians 4:10, it seems to me that "you lacked opportunity" means that Paul required nothing of them even though they were ready and willing to give to him. Is this correct, Sir?
That is the idea. Paul had needs but rarely asked for help – and when he did so it was usually for prayer or for someone else to be helped (e.g., Phoebe, Onesimus, Timothy, etc.). Specifically to this statement, the Philippians were either not aware of Paul's location or his particular needs prior to this (most understandable in the communication situation of the ancient world).
Another question that is unrelated to the previous. Why did God split the Priestly and Kingly offices ever since the fall of Adam. Only to reunify the roles once Jesus Christ has accomplished the work of his Father's will?
An interesting question. Indeed, our Lord is both our King and our High
However, I don't recall Adam ever being said to have either office. True enough, he was given (as were we all) rule over the earth (very greatly reduced by the devil's usurpation); true enough, in Eden, he and Eve communed with the Lord "in the cool of the day". But in my reading of scripture, the Bible seems to me to describe the absolute kingship and singular high-priesthood of the Lord as unique individually as well as collectively. So I'm not sure I would describe things in this way in the first place so as to have (or be able to answer) this question in the second place.
Did you have a Bible verse in mind?
In Jesus Christ our Lord and our God,
Agreed. I did some study on the role of Adam and Eve in Eden. And according to the video series by Inspiring Philosophy who cited scholars who studied the text concluded that the Garden of Eden being the meeting place between heaven and earth was a Temple Garden. And the tasks of Adam and Eve appears to not only be initially reigning over the creation but priestly duties.
We retain somewhat our priestly role even after the fall. As we are unique among creatures that being made in the image of God have "religion" not only being able to commune with God. But that somehow because of our design as a priestly race that we are also able to open portals to the demonic realm with sorcery and turn any object into cursed objects with demonic influence.
Or rather because of our beliefs and the way we do things that such a thing can occur. I came to this conclusion because I came across stories that people using Ouija Boards ended up inviting demonic activity into their lives. Yet when said people did the Ouija Board Blindfolded with the board flipped they got the letters all wrong.
So maybe in such cases its not the object that's accursed but the person that has the demon influences itself necessarily. With the human being the portal of entry.
Objects are otherwise mundane yet with human intervention demonic influence can be allowed to manifest itself in a unique way.
For example even Tarot cards were simply playing cards that was turned into an object of Sorcery by mankind.
Interested in your response
Yours in Christ
Never read anything in the Bible about "portals". I make it a point to stay away
from all such things. Everything I have been able to learn about this issue from
scripture can be found at the following link:
"Satan's Tactical Methodology" in SR 4. You might also see
"Spiritual Warfare VI" (which leads to more links).
Please do not see this as an easy way to do Bible study, by asking you for clarity!
The root word for seed/descendant in Hebrew is "ZERA" 2233 (zar' a'ka/le'zar' aka/ve'zar' aka) and in Greek "Sperma" 4690 references to OT.
My deduction is that Gen 12:3 translates well to Gal 3:14, 17!
How would the abovementioned deduction translate to Gen 26:4?
An interesting observation is also how John 3:16 & Galatians 3:16 fully connects within the two different languages of the OT and the NT, divinely script.
Yours in Christ our Saviour,
The word in Genesis 26:4 is the same. It means "seed" (singular) but can also be
understood as a collective noun. Everyone is blessed in Jesus Christ, THE Seed
of Abraham; and the world is also blessed in his descendants, the Jewish people,
the collective seed of Abraham through whom the Messiah came (Rom.9:5), and to
whom collectively was entrusted the Word of God (Rom.3:2).
Wishing you and yours a blessed 2020!
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Simultaneous appearance of Jesus to 500 or teleporation from place to place?
I am thinking about the omnipresence of God who fills the entire universe. If God is basically personally present everywhere. Is he personally actually interacting with everything at once like for example he is talking to millions of people as if it were a one on one interaction yet it occurs simultaneously.
Or is it more just like surveillance cameras?
So in the scriptures say that Jesus appeared to 500 at once (1 Corinthians 15:6) was it at a single gathering place. Or did Jesus teleport from place to place.
Or was his glorified body capable of interacting with 500 at the same time even though they are at different locations?
God is absolutely omnipresent. Time and space were designed by Him for our
benefit – and they are very small (for want of a better word) compared to Him.
One of the most amazing things about the good news is that God became human – Jesus Christ took on true humanity – without sacrificing His deity. So the report about the 500 is as it says in 1st Corinthians 15:6, "all at one time" (Greek: ephapax, ἐφαπαξ), and that is the important point for Paul in his proving of the resurrection: on one occasion, a great many people saw Him "all at once". Our Lord has a real human body – a perfect, indestructible and resurrected one now, the first-fruits of what we all will have (1Jn.3:2). But like us He has only one. He is seated now – after the ascension – at the Father's right hand, awaiting the time of His second advent.
It is certainly true that the resurrection body is capable of many amazing things, including moving through objects (our Lord entering through closed doors and appearing virtually wherever He wishes); He ascended to the third heaven in this new body, and that would be impossible for anything in the realm of the physical we know of today. So it is most exciting to anticipate our own resurrection when we too shall rise "to meet the Lord in the air" when He returns following the Tribulation (1Thes.4:17). See the link: "The Resurrection of the Lamb's Bride" in CT 5.
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Hello--Thanks for your help. I am wondering if you would do me a big
favor and read a few posts on CARM for me, and see if you come to the
same conclusions I have? The link is to the Trinity board. One poster is
Mormon. __ is not, but in my dealings I have had with her over the
years, she sounds like a Christian mystic to me, though she has denied
it. She has claimed to know Biblical Greek and Hebrew and taught at the
university level, but not sure in what. She also claims to know you and
to have disagreed with you when she has written to you.
Some of her writing is so...esoteric, I had to ask a pastor friend of mine on the boards to read what she wrote, to explain her POV. He thinks she is being a Christian mystic, too.
You can see what she wrote and my responses to her. Some of what she writes seems off the wall to me. She thinks it is wrong to use "nature" and "essence" to describe God's Tri-unity and being, because such words were used by pagans to describe pagan concepts...I say, so what? They are perfectly good words that we can use to describe something. Including God. I pointed out that John used "logos" of Jesus Christ, when there was already a long-established pagan Greek concept of the logos as the reason governing the universe, or something similar. But John was a Jew and used the word differently than the pagans did. She says she isn't sure John actually used that word, And she doesn't use IT, either.
And what is the book of Henoch, I think she mentions? Typo for Enoch?
I have never read Augustine, so I have no idea if her assessment of his works is accurate. But I'd bet a cookie you have!
The stuff she wrote about "psyche" really sounds a tad...weird to me, and couched in mysticism. You will notice on the last page she does not deal with a single point I have made. Just says I misunderstood her.
If you don't have time to read it, I will understand. But could you answer these 2 questions?
1. Do all the ancient Greek manuscript copies of John 1:1 have John calling Jesus the "logos" of God?
2. Is there a word for "essence" in Koine Greek, that is different than the Koine one for "nature"?
As always, thanks for your help and God bless you for it.
I've put most things aside in order to launch a major posting at Ichthys (BB
6B: Ecclesiology), so I'm in a bit of a hole; add to that that this is the
first week of classes at U of L, so I am a little too busy to read boards. But
as to your questions:
1) None of my critical editions even has any notes about any ms. or papyrus not reading "logos" at John 1:1; all of the major mss. with which I am familiar have it. No evidence whatsoever for some claim to the contrary therefore.
2) The word for "essence" in ancient Greek is ousia, and it is derived from the participle of the verb to be (so "being" as a noun is what it means); the English word "essence" is derived from the medieval Latin word essentia which is a deliberate Latin duplicate of Greek ousia. The latter only occurs twice in the NT at Luke 15:12-13 and is used for "property", not in a theological sense. "Nature" is another Latin word (natura); the Greek equivalent is physis (from which we get "physics").
"Henoch" is just a different transliteration of Enoch.
Hi--Understood about being busy. I wondered if nature and essence are synonyms in Greek, as they are in English. Thanks and do not work too hard!
In English, Latin and Greek, "essence" and "nature" may have a semantic overlap,
but they are different in that "nature" strongly implies (and in all cases
etymologically means) having to do with the material, physical realm; come to
think of it, that is probably why early theologians avoided that word and
preferred ousia / essentia / essence.
Oh, so it would actually be better to talk about God's essence, instead of nature? Even though Hebrews 1 says how Jesus bears the very stamp of God's nature? Which word is used there in Greek? Last question!
The word in Hebrews is "very stamp of His hypostasis" – that is
where the theological term "hypostatic union" to describe our Lord's
uniqueness comes from (see
You do have a point. In theology we talk the "essence of God" to describe His spiritual characteristics, and we talk about Jesus' two "natures", human and divine. That's a matter of tradition, however.
In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,
I was reading 2 Timothy yesterday and I might be older than Timothy was but I can still be timid like he was. Whether it's in speaking up or knowing that I've only been back with the Lord a couple of years. But even then, Bob I honestly think I've learnt more in that time with your teaching than she has in all the years she's been at that church. And Paul says in 2 Timothy 1:7
For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind. (NKJV)
Or in the NASB - For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.
How would you translate it? One is saying "sound mind" and the other "discipline".
I'm encouraged by what the Lord has shown me in His Word this week and I'm excited about continuing to study, believe, apply and prepare for everything He has for me to do. I loved these verses too - 2 Timothy 3:16-17, 4:1-4, 4:7-8.
Thanks for your teaching, Bob and thanks for all your prayers and you're in mine too. Have a great weekend!
Your friend in Jesus
On 2nd Timothy 1:7, the word is a derivative of sophrosyne which
has a storied pedigree in Greek. Paul does use a more abstract form here
but it's essentially the same concept. The classical way of translating
this is "prudence", but that word has picked up negative connotations in
contemporary English. It means etymologically "safe-mindedness" and its
opposite is hybris ('hubris') which means to go beyond the normal
bounds of human restraint (arrogance with a capital "A").
In spiritual terms, sophrosyne means staying away from things that are anywhere close to being "out of bounds", because, as we all know, getting too close to the edge sometimes results in being pulled over. So in terms of a journey up a road with dangers off of both sides, the hybris person would cavalierly tread over the edge with impunity from one side to the other, while the sophrosyne person would stay as close to the middle as possible to avoid either side. In the context, therefore, I think this is added by Paul to remind Timothy that just because we are courageous in the Lord does not mean that we are also stupid enough to allow that courage to put us into harm's way unnecessarily.
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Here's another question I am unwilling to wait to ask in my list: did you write
anything about the Millennial Temple, Sir? I have been stuck on Ezekiel 40 since
yesterday and I still don't really understand the design.
1. I'm not sure what verses 6-16 mean.
2. Is the Eastern Gate smaller than the other gates? I ask because of how verse 11 compares to verse 21 and verse 25.
3. Also, verse 14 says that the gate extended round about to the side pillar of the courtyard in NASB. NIV1984 and NKJV say different things there too. What really is going on there?
On Ezekiel, the door of each gate is 10 cubits wide and 13 cubits high.
Verses 21 and 25 are speaking of the porticoes as a whole. That is what
verse 14 is referring to in relation to the east gate.
Visualizing 3-D objects and spaces from written descriptions has always been an Achilles' heel of mine, so I won't try to paint a picture (I'm no artist either!).
James 1:10 (NASB)
10 and the rich man is to glory in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away.
Why should the rich man take pride in his humiliation? Is James basically saying, "rich man enjoy your time while it lasts because once your spirit is required of you" you will be humiliated?
Verse ten can't be understood without verse nine.
(9) Let the lowly brother glory in his exaltation, (10) but the rich in his humiliation, because as a flower of the field he will pass away.
James 1:9-10 NKJV
Verse nine tells the poor to be happy anyway because we are spiritually rich; verse ten tells the rich not to get excited about their present situation because it is coming to an end. This is the same as what our Lord says in the beatitudes (e.g., compare Lk.6:20 with Lk.6:24). The "problem" is the word "boast/glory", but it doesn't actually occur in verse ten. Greek leaves out verbs where they are to be understood. Forms of the verb "to be" are the most commonly left out, but when that doesn't work, the verb just used prior is the most likely substitute (that is why most translators supply "boast/glory" in verse ten too). However, this is a fairly common figure of speech called a zeugma where two elements are conjoined without the verbs matching; here we don't have the second verb but if pressed we are tempted to supply the previous one but that really doesn't work here. I would prefer to just leave out the verb (as, e.g., NKJV: "but the rich in his humiliation"). If pressed I would translate something such as "let the rich not forget his humiliation": clearly, we can't expect rich people to "feel good" about the fact that their riches mean nothing to God and will soon pass away – but if they are Christians it would be spiritually healthy for them to keep that ever in mind.
James 4:11 (NASB) 11 Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge of it.
How does speaking against a brother or judging a brother make one speak against the law and judge the law? Does this verse have a double application that we should not judge the Scriptures as we read it, rather we should take it in as pure truth?
This is James' way of saying that it is God's business to judge other believers, not yours or mine. This is just what Paul says too (Rom.14:4). James says "the Law" instead of "the Lord" because he is writing to a Jewish congregation who will feel the sting of that rebuke very strongly (whereas gentiles might not).
Proverbs 1:17 (NASB)
Indeed, it is useless to spread the baited net in the sight of any bird;
Is God symbolized by the bird in this proverb's context? Because the
wicked are plotting in full sight of God and will receive their
In our great King and Lord,
The point here is that even birds are smart enough to stay away from obvious and visible dangers, but these individuals are doing what will surely bring them down. That is indeed because of the justice of God but also because of the law and order He has put in place. It does show the inherent arrogance and resulting blindness ruling in the hearts of those who reject what is right.
Here's the whole context:
Surely, in vain the net is spread
In the sight of any bird;
But they lie in wait for their own blood,
They lurk secretly for their own lives.
So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain;
It takes away the life of its owners.
Proverbs 1:17-19 NASB
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Dear Dr. Lugenbill,
Could you explain the use of the Greek word for teach in this passage?
And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence.
1st Timothy 2:12 NKJV
I've been studying the role of women in the church. It was brought to my
attention by a preacher that there is a Greek word for "teach" that is referring
to ongoing instruction much like that of a rabbi with authority. It was his
opinion that is the case in this passage. Therefore a woman can teach in a mixed
setting in the worship gathering so long as the elders have approved it.
That being said he referenced another Greek word that means to "teach" which does not carry an authoritative, ongoing overtone.
Could you help me clarify these words?
Good to make your acquaintance.
The Greek verb there is didasko, and that is the common Greek word for teaching throughout antiquity. So there is nothing at all special in the word itself, nor anything special about the context which would indicate some sort of special rabbinical exception.
As to the issue of women in the Church, the most recent thing posted at Ichthys is in the newly posted BB 6B: Ecclesiology: "Women in Leadership".
In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,
It did help, thanks. Unbeliever psychology is a difficult thing to come to grips with.
Genesis 4:23-24 (NASB)
23 Lamech said to his wives,
Adah and Zillah,
Listen to my voice,
You wives of Lamech,
Give heed to my speech,
For I have killed a man for wounding me;
And a boy for striking me;
24 If Cain is avenged sevenfold,
Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.
Should we take Lamech's statement as one supported by God -- that
avenging a self-defense killing will be punished seventy fold by the
Lord God. Or was Lamech simply declaring that he had God's support based
on God's promise to Cain?
In our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ,
Rather, I think this is recorded for us to show us the depths to which humanity
sank so very quickly after the expulsion from Eden. This is "unbeliever-speak"
all the way. Historical books often record what was said and done by
unbelievers or even believers in the wrong (cf. the book of Job).
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Doing a study of Jonah. went on line and found many sites.
some believe he died and went to hell, then was brought back alive.
others say in the belly he stayed only, and brought back after 3 days.
both have connection to Jesus and the grave 3 days. your insight would
be most helpful. the new link you sent to study of end times is tops.
Thanks for the good words, my friend!
As to your question, scripture says it was the latter. Nothing in the book of Jonah about him going to Hades; but it says very explicitly that God sent a fish which swallowed him then later spit him out.
People often go to great lengths to deny what scripture says literally happened.
Jonah's experience is symbolic of what our Lord experienced. Jonah is a "type of Christ" in this respect (see the link for discussion).
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Hello--I have a question...a Mormon wrote this to me on CARM:
"The Bible never says that Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us and accepted by faith alone to cover our unrighteousness – in other words we do not contribute anything and we are declared righteous. The word imputed means to reckon or account. It never means that something alien to you is transferred to your account."
I know perfectly well what "imputed" means. I showed him like 20 Bible verse that prove that we have Jesus' righteousness because of our faith in Him. But my question is the 'alien" part in this post. He says it never means something "alien" transferred into our account. Yet, I reminded him that our sins were imputed to Jesus on the cross and sin was and is totally alien to Jesus!
Anyway, I am just asking if the word for "impute" in the NT can means something alien transferred to our account. Thanks. Stay healthy.
The whole "imputation doctrine" as connected to "original sin" was invented by
Augustine and has lots of problems – based upon misunderstanding the Greek and
also Paul's argument. In a nutshell, what these passages actually mean is that
God considers those of us who put our trust in Christ "righteous": He sees Jesus
instead of us and we are "righteous" by means of faith, not through having
earned it. The Greek word group logizo means essential "consider [A as
For details if interested, please see the links:
The so-called "imputation of Adam's sin"
A discussion of "imputation"
Let me know if you have a specific passage in mind.
Stay safe and healthy yourself!
Dear Dr. Luginbill,
You are the wisest and most thorough commentator on the Internet and I thank God for your ministry and willingness to answer questions.
I have heard several times that if Adam and Eve had not sinned they would have lived forever. Do you agree and if so is there Scripture to reinforce this idea?
May God bless you on this Palm Sunday. I really am disappointed that we cannot go to church this morning (because of the corona virus) and am resolving never to miss a worship service again.
Yours in Christ,
Thanks for your kind words – I would also recommend to you Curtis Omo at
Bible Academy (at the link).
As to your question, Adam and Eve were created perfect and had access to the tree of life. Even after acquiring a sin nature at the fall, they still had to be kept from that same tree of life so as not to be able to live forever in their then sinful state. Nothing worse than this state of sin and decay lasting forever!
Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”— therefore the LORD God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken. So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
Genesis 3:22-24 NKJV
Hoping and praying all this insanity ends soon.
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Thank you very much.
I still can't wrap my head around the fact that God created Adam from this literal dust we use when moulding clay. It seems confusing.
Also, I've been lead to believe that Mr. Wormack is a good teacher of Grace which I thought was good for my progress.
And yes, I've been in contact with our friend.
You're very welcome, my friend.
I'm glad you've been in touch with our friend. He is a very special individual.
One of the roles human beings serve in the plan of God is that of being an answer to the devil. God used a creature who was part material made "lower than the angels" to demonstrate His faithfulness and thus refute all of Satan's lies. This is the gist of the five part "Satanic Rebellion" series (at the link). On the creation of Adam in particular, see the link.
In Jesus our dear Savior,
Hello Dr. Luginbill,
I have been studying this subject teaching, and am on page 12 of 177 pages, and have been blown away by the fact that those who are Calvinists do not understand a doctrine that is very plain. They have this TULIP thing, whatever that means, and don't care to find out, but I do hope that those who teach it will soon discover the truth.
You know all about what they believe, but I would have one question for them: Did God Almighty the All Sovereign One, force Adam and Eve to disobey Him?
This would be the end of the discussion.
We know that God is sovereign and that we will never understand that, but we can certainly determine that God does not, and will not force anyone to accept or reject Jesus Christ His One and Only Son who died for us, even though He is absolutely Sovereign.
This is a most excellent teaching that everyone, especially Calvinists need to study along with everyone else in the world. It has been an eye-opener for me as all your studies are, by the Grace of God that He gives you.
I never did believe what these folks talked and found that out quickly by studying about teaching among many that you have prepared.
Thanks so much, and may God continue to pour out His abundant grace upon you as always.
I don't see how anyone could argue from the Bible that God "forced Adam
and Eve to disobey".
1) He gave them everything they needed to live blessed forever.
2) He gave them very explicit instructions to stay away from the one test of free will – which could only be failed by disobeying Him.
3) He made the issue very clear: death versus life.
4) He never gave them cause for considering anything else to be true.
The fact that Eve chose to believe a lie and the fact that Adam didn't trust the Lord enough to have faith that He could restore Eve (or give him someone better) doesn't in any way even implicate God in anything wrong – let alone FORCING them to "disobey".
Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone.
James 1:13 NKJV
Incidentally, when Eve "quotes" the Lord to the serpent, she says "You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die." I have often noted that she wrongly adds "nor shall you touch it" (see in BB 3A), showing that she had not paid enough attention to this most important command – the only negative one they had received, and that this contributed to her vulnerability to accepting the lie. Some things probably had come in contact with that tree and not "exploded", birds or leaves or whatever, but it was the "eating" which was forbidden; seeing some things touch the tree and not suffer any consequences must have induced some doubt that there was any real problem with eating either – just as the serpent represented to her. But it is also the case that in addition to adding something, Eve left something out. God didn't say "You shall not eat it, lest you die." What He said was, " for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die" (Gen.2:17). The word translated "surely", a mere adverb in English, is in Hebrew the infinitive absolute of the same verb "to die". A better rendering (as Col. Thieme translated it), is "dying thou shalt die!" This is an idiom in Hebrew designed for particular emphasis (which a "surely" doesn't really convey in the same way). Eve clearly did not "process" the emphatic nature of the command . . . as events also proved. Nor, apparently, did Adam.
"Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take away from it."
Deuteronomy 12:32 NKJV
In Jesus our dear Savior,
P.S.: If you haven't noticed or already done so, please check out the list of wonderful ministry offerings on the Special Topics page, including John Jackson (anyone with questions about the "church-visible" will find this helpful), "Bible Readings by Emma", Bible Reading Log by Christian Vassallo (helps for reading through the English Bible), The Holocaust: A Biblical and Historical Examination (Future Implications) by Fred London, the Expanded Index to Old Testament translations at Ichthys, Foundational Principles, by Odii Ariwodo, "The Peter series" translated into Kiswahili by Resi Kilambo, Video presentations by Steven Tammen based on the SR series, and Steven's group studies of BB 6A.
*Special Prayer Request
More E-mails: Complete archive of previous emails: Ichthys' Emails
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It is Better on the Other Side
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Contemporary Churches and Women Preachers
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Aspects of the Crucifixion I: Carrying the cross, trials and rooster crow.
Salvation Lost and Found
The Canon: Content, Chronology, and Criticism
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Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness II
Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness I
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Noah, the Flood, and the Nature of Animals
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Antichrist: the Mark, the Number, and the Identification of the Beast
Satan's Revolt and the Tribulation to Come
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Old Testament Interpretation II: Urim and Thummim, the Bronze Serpent, the Ark.
Being Saved: Security, Apostasy, and the Sin unto Death
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Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God
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Paganism, Idolatry, Mythology and the Occult
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1st John: Text and Interpretation
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Perseverance in the latter days of Laodicea
Baptism: Water and Spirit III
Prayer: the Persistence, Purpose and Power of.
Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry
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Israel, 'Lost Tribes' and the Star of David
Israel and Antichrist
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The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions III
Culture and Christianity VIII
The Geography of Heaven, Hades and 'Hell'.
Eschatology Issues VI
Bible Interpretation IV
Legalism, Past and Present
The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future.
Christ the First-Born, High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.
Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading II
Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading
Hermeneutics, Typology, Christophany, Theophany and Anthropopathism.
No, Hebrews does not teach that you lost your salvation.
Gospel Questions VI: the Long Ending of Mark et al.
Judas and the Betrayal of Christ
Doubting Salvation and Questions of Sin
The 144,000: God's Seal vs. the Mark of the Beast
Atheism: Putting Truth to Death
War in Heaven II
The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions II
War in Heaven
The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions I
The Law, Love, Faith-Rest and Messianism
Paul and the Law
Genesis Questions III
Sin and Salvation, Confession and Forgiveness
Have I Lost My Salvation? (III)
The Battlefield Within: Fighting the inner spiritual Struggle.
Putting Christ in Christmas: Loving Jesus, the Star and the Magi, Wonderful Counselor.
Old Testament Interpretation: Moses and Zipporah, David's disastrous Census, the Destruction of the Midianites, et al.
Healing, Miracles, and Dreams: Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff by biblical Means
153 Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages
Kenosis: Our Lord's Self-Limitation during the 1st Advent
Biblical Anthropology II: 'Soul sleep', & dichotomy vs. trichotomy
Biblical Anthropology I: The Nature of Human Beings and Human Life according to the Bible.
Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II.
Culture and Christianity VII: Jury Duty, Witnessing, Biometry, Military Service et al.
Culture and Christianity VI: Halloween, Holidays, Aliens, and Christian Applications.
Angelic Issues V: Michael, the Angel of the Lord, Christophany, demons, cherubs, and Satan's revolt.
Angelic Issues IV: Satan's Revolt in the Plan of God.
New Testament Interpretation: Melchizedek, 'Forsake not Assembly', 'Women Remain Silent', Water-Baptism, Tongues, Prophecy, Intervention of Departed Believers.
Lost my salvation II?
All about Ichthys: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord.
Fallen Angels, Demons, Nephilim, and the Devil's Methodology.
End Times Interpretation II.
Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief.
The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God.
End Times Interpretation.
Grace versus Law.
Communion and the Spiritual Death of Christ.
Sinlessness and 1st John.
Israelology, Anti-Semitism, the Remnant, Gentiles, Lost Tribes, Jewish Myths.
"Soul Sleep" versus our true Heavenly State.
Christology Questions III: The Angel of the Lord, the Lamb Slain, monogenes.
Angelic Issues III: Demons, Satan, Elders, Female Angels and Guardians.
Against Universalism III: Unbelievers in the Plan of God.
Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.
In Need of Guidance and Encouragement.
Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations V.
Servants, Slaves, Disciples, and Ministers.
Baptism: Water and Spirit II.
Bible Interpretation III: David's Anointing, Stephen versus Genesis, Triplets, This People, and more.
Evangelism in Principle and Practice.
Scripture versus Personal Experience.
Calvinism, Covenants and Catholicism.
Culture and Christianity V: Temporal Authority vs. Biblical Application.
False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security III.
The Dangers of Messianic Legalism IV: Unclean and Impure?
Things to Come III: The Wrath of God and the Fate of the Beast's Army.
God Works All Things Together for Good.
The 7 Trumpets, the 7 Kings, Nephilim, Antichrist and Revived Rome.
The Coming Tribulation and the Kingdom of God.
Sin, Confession and Forgiveness.
Mutual Encouragement in Christ.
Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IV.
Culture and Christianity IV: Doing one's job as 'unto the Lord', the peril's of 'heroic medicine', Christian perspectives on legalizing marijuana, when lying is not a sin, and when life begins.
Eschatology Issues V: "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons".
Ichthys and Contemporary Christianity.
Gospel Questions V: Help my Unbelief, Respecting our Enemies, etc.
The Two Witnesses of the Tribulation: Moses and Elijah.
The Apostles, the Jerusalem Council, and Legalism then and now.
Aspects of the Christian Walk: Gambling, Lying, Christmas, Judging, Worrying, et al.
Believers in the World: Using our Free Will to Respond to the Lord
Christology Questions II: The Serpent Lifted and the Cross, Jesus' Infallibility, Destroy this Temple, the Sign Spoken Against, His Glorification, the Spirit's Anointing, and the Necessity for His Humanity.
Paul's Jerusalem Error, Worshiping Truly, the Priesthood of the Believer, and Peter's Vision of the Impure Food
Christian Trials and Testing
Gospel Questions IV: The Prophet, the rich man in Hades, Peter's wife, the 'eleven' and the 'twelve' apostles, 'the world could not contain' (Jn.21:25), and progressive revelation.
Eschatology Issues IV: Israeli politics, 'This Generation', Signs of the Times, the Beast presently alive?, 'Flee Babylon', Preparing for the Tribulation, and 'was, is not, will be'.
John's Water-Baptism versus the Baptism of the Holy Spirit
Eschatology Issues III: Over-focusing on Revelation, the Seven Churches, Enoch versus Elijah, and the Symbolism of the Menorah
The Purpose of Chronicles, Cyrus the Persian, the Chronology of the Exodus Plagues, Qumran and Isaiah, Nebuchadnezzar's Madness, and Jeremiah 31:22, "A Woman will Embrace a Man".
Aaron and the Golden Calf, Mount Zion, Moses and Zipporah, the high priest's attire, and the ark of the covenant.
Aspects of the Genesis Curse on Animals, the Tree of Knowing Good and Evil, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel of the Lord, and Kainam.
The City of David, the Star of David, Solomon's Wisdom, and the Song of Solomon.
The Israelites at Kadesh and 'not entering the Land of Promise'.
Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.
Sin and Spiritual Transformation.
Cults and Christianity IV
Cults and Christianity III
Cults and Christianity II
Cults and Christianity.
One Baptism: the True Meaning of Peter's Words at Acts 2:38.
Apostasy and the Sin unto Death, the Conscience and Sanctification.
The Plan of God and Individual Salvation (excerpt from BB 4B)
In Your Anger, do not Sin: Ephesians 4:26 and the Sin Nature
Bible Interpretation II: Easter, Abiathar, the Hyssop-Blood Cross, Baal, the Scarlet Thread, Names of God, Adiaphoria, and Mezentius.
Spiritual Warfare II
Culture and Christianity III
Have I Lost my Salvation?
On the Firing Line: Encouragement in Christian Trials
Eschatology and the Old Testament
Prayer and our Walk with Jesus.
Issues of Canonicity II: Aramaic, Enoch, KJV, and the Pastorals
Bible Vocabulary and Bible Word Studies
Satan, his Demons, and the Gnostics
Antichrist: Alive and Well and Living on Planet Earth?
The Nature of Angels
Our Eternal Future: Life after Death for Believers in Jesus Christ
Giants and Nephilim, Sumerian Myths, and Sea Monsters
Dreams and Visions II
The Golden Rule
The Divinity of Jesus Christ
Free-Will Faith and the Will of God
Some Sensitive Topics III
The Spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy: explaining James 4:5.
Faith: What is it?
The Seven-Fold Spirit of God.
Free-Will Faith in the Plan of God.
Putting the Word of God First.
The False Doctrine of "Soul Sleep" II.
The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security II.
The Plan of God
The Dangers of Messianic Legalism III
The Dangers of Messianic Legalism II
The Dangers of Messianic Legalism.
The Gift of Tongues: Part 2
The Gift of Tongues: Part 1
Mega-Churches, Emergent Christianity, Spirituality and Materialism.
Epignosis, Christian Epistemology, and Spiritual Growth.
Jephthah's Daughter, Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage.
Christian Unity and Divisiveness.
Death, Martyrdom and Resurrection.
Blessing, Cursing, and Prayer.
Freedom and Responsibility.
Fighting the Good Fight of Faith.
Only-Begotten, Mother-of-God, On-this-Rock: English-only Interpretation is Dangerous.
The Greek Text of the New Testament and some Issues of Textual Criticism.
What does the name 'Christian' mean?
Some Jewish Issues.
Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment (part 2).
Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment.
Sin and Forgiveness.
Spring Special: The Millennial Regathering and Purging of Israel.
Life Begins at Birth.
Culture and Christianity II
Culture and Christianity I
The Saved and the Unsaved
Last Things and Last Judgments
The Local Church and Personal Ministry IV
The Local Church and Personal Ministry III
The Local Church and Personal Ministry II
The Local Church and Personal Ministry I
More on Antichrist and his Kingdom
Antichrist and Babylon
Some Sensitive Topics II.
Christmas Special: The Judgment and Reward of the Church.
What is God's Will?
Combating Legalism VI
Combating Legalism V
Combating Legalism IV
Combating Legalism III
Combating Legalism II
Combating Legalism I
Aspects of the False Doctrine of Institutional Security
Chronological Order of the Books of the Bible II
Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations III
Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations II
Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations I
Gospel Questions III: Least in the kingdom, Millstones, Pennies, Pebbles, Babes, Rhaka, Tallits, and the Crown of Thorns.
Gospel Questions II: Jesus' Turning Water to Wine, Sweating Blood, Walking on Water, Washing the Disciples' Feet, and the Promise of Freedom."
Things to Come II: Genesis Rapture, Daniel's Weeks, Seven Kings, Signs of the Apocalypse, Tribulational Suffering, Seven Seals, the Bride of Christ, and Mystery Babylon.
Things to Come: The Half Hour, the 144,000, the Book of Life, Rewards, the Beast's Kingdom, the Great Apostasy, and the so-called 'Partial Rapture'.
Satan and the Existence of Evil.
The Holy Spirit: Blasphemy against, Restraining Ministry, and Gender.
Spiritual Gifts and Spiritual Growth
Christian Love, the Golden Rule, Christian Military Service and Self-Defense.
Issues of Canonicity: Apocrypha, Enoch, and Inspiration.
Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality.
Numbers, Letters, and the Mark of the Beast.
Gospel Questions I: Jesus' Life, the Gospels and Cherubs, and who Wrote Matthew.
More Questions about Genesis.
Naaman, Nero, Nineveh, and Senacharib.
The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security.
Choosing Hell: Questions about Salvation and the Love of God.
The Chronology of the End.
The Route of the Israelites in Crossing
the Red Sea.
Some Issues of Transmission, Translation, and Transliteration: The Camel and the Needle, etc.
Aspects of the Life of Christ: Jesus' siblings, the man born blind, et al.
Jesus is God and man.
Jesus is God.
Redemption, the Blood of Christ, Christ our Passover, and The Passion of the Christ.
Eschatology Issues II: Angelic bodies, heaven and hell, Satan and the Nephilim, etc.
The Book of Job and Biblical Interpretation.
Some Questions about Eternity.
Who Controls our Thoughts and Emotions?
The Day of the Lord.
Sleep as a Euphemism for Death.
Christ's Preaching to the Spirits in Hell (1Pet.3:18-20), & Michael's Rebuke of Satan (2Pet.2:10-11 ).
Recovering from Sin.
The Timing of the Resurrection.
Dispensations, the Church, the Rapture, and the Destruction of the Universe.
Christianity versus Contemporary Kitsch.
Purpose Driven Life, Oprah's New Age Religion, et al.
Lot, Esau, and Cain: Learning through
Against Universalism II: Only Believers are Saved.
Against Universalism I: Free Will and the Image of God.
Courage in the Fight.
The Seven Edens and the Eden of Adam and Eve.
Opposition to the Genesis Gap from the Creation Research Institute et al.
Mary 'Full of Grace'?
Changing the Name of God?
The Beast: Some Questions about Antichrist.
The Book of Revelation: Some Questions.
Red Hot or Lukewarm? Bible Teaching versus Sermonizing.
The Last Judgment and the Great White Throne.
Baptism: Water and Spirit.
Christology: Some Questions on the Life of Christ.
Train up a Child in the Way he should Go.
War, History, and Politics.
Unbelief and its Consequences.
Dreams and Visions.
Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ.
Free Will and Faith under Pressure.
Angelic Issues II.
Science and the Bible.
Bible Interpretation I: Academics, Versions et al.
Faith in the Word of God: the Basis of all True Worship.
Aspects of the Resurrection II.
Faith and Encouragement in the midst of Fiery Trials.
Some Sensitive Topics.
Jethro, Amenhotep, Iraq, the Catacombs, and the KJV.
Eschatology Issues: The Fig Tree, Ezekiel 38, Joel 3, and the Trumpets.
Christ the Rock, the Rooster's Crow, and the Cross.
Applying Faith II: Production, Forgiveness, Circumcision, Truth over People.
Applying Faith: Eating, Drinking, and Vacation.
The Tree of Life, Communion, and the Virgin Birth.
Can Prayer Be Offered From Heaven? & Some Genesis Questions.
Walking the Path of Faith through the Light of the Word of God.
Salvation on the battlefield, truth revealed to infants, and damnation.
Divine Sovereignty and Divine Judgment.
God's Free Gift of Salvation.
Should Christians wear Jewelry?
The Lord's Prayer.
The Events Surrounding the Birth of Christ.
Cremation or Burial?
Demon Possession, Marriage,
and Bible Prophecy.
No Grounds for Divorce?
The Shape of the Universe, Hominids, and the Genesis Gap.
Taking Personal Responsibility: Interest, Bankruptcy, Gambling, and Employment.
The Seven Churches, the Judgment Seat of Christ, and other issues in Eschatology.
The Canonicity of the book of Hebrews.
Great White Throne, the Last Judgment, and the Outer Darkness.
Political Action versus Biblical Christianity.
Study Tools and Methodologies.
The Gospel and the Kingdom of God.
Pursuing a Deeper Relationship with Jesus and Christian Epistemology.
The Origin and the Danger of the Pre-Tribulational Rapture Theory.
The Divinity of the Spirit and the Percentage of those who are Saved.
Should Christians ever consider getting a lawyer?
Pastoral Authority, Popes, Pat Robertson, and Pelagianism.
Some Questions on Church Polity.
Apostles and Evangelism
Luther, Arminius, Calvin, Kant, Ironside, Tutu and Thieme.
Transmutation, Resuscitation, and Resurrection.
Is the Soul a tertium quid?
More on the Documentary Hypothesis and More on the Rapture.
Enoch's Walk with God and Some Questions in the Gospels.
The Influence of the Renaissance and Rationalism on the Church and Cutting off Arms in Malachi 2:3.
1st John 5:20 & Romans 6:23.
Baptism and Following Jesus.
Where is Armageddon?
Assurance of Salvation.
The Cross, Sin, and the Devil in God's Plan.
More on: Spiritual Gifts; Hats & Hair; the Age of Accountability.
Daniel 9:25 and Daniel 11:30.
Who will populate earth during the Millennium? and Asking for Wisdom: James 1:5.
Was Judas Saved?, The Gospel of Judas, and Issues of Canonicity.
Is 'My Son' Israel or Jesus in Hosea 11:1? & How do you Prove Sin to Someone?
Did Matthew Write his Gospel in Hebrew?
Christian Crowns, Pagan Names, and the Time of the Cock-Crow.
Child-like Faith, Mark vs. Matthew, the Mahdi, and 'Who was with God in the Beginning?
True Orthodoxy and False Creeds.
Foot-washing, Bitter Herbs, Baptism, and Borrowed Faith.
All Things Charismatic.
Friday versus Thursday Crucifixion.
Jesus' Cursing of the Fig Tree, Apostasy, and 'Feng Shui'.
The Genesis Serpent, Using "it" to refer to the baby Jesus, and more on Tattoos.
Resisting the Devil.
Why did Jesus choose John over James to take care of His mother Mary?
Antichrist's 'desire of women' in Daniel 11:37 et al.
Do recent catastrophes have a divine origin?
Does God really want us to be sick and poor? Revisiting the prosperity gospel.
Why did our Lord Jesus arise from the tribe of Judah?
What will our relationship be in heaven with children who died young?
The baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from speaking in tongues.
The Grammar behind the Genesis Gap.
The Great White Throne Judgment.
Moses and Zipporah.
The Victory of Faith.
Does God's choice of us eliminate our free will?
Why does God allow bad things to happen?
The Bible as "divine", roof prayer, and tattoos.
Character in Hebrews 1:3, et al.
Exorcism, et al.
"Are the children of unbelievers lost if they die before receiving Christ?"
How not to get "left behind".
"Is baptism necessary for salvation?"
"The nature of life after death."
"The personality of the Holy Spirit."
"The dragon of Revelation 12 and the talking idol of Revelation 13."
"Bound by Satan in Luke 13:16, language and the Tower of Babel, Daniel's 70th week, and the number 12."
"Infirmities and Diseases in Matthew 8:17"
"The Leftover Baskets of Bread and Fish in John 6."
"Waiting for the Ascension" and "Amos 4:11".
Why was Canaan cursed?
Should Christians have a competitive attitude?
John "leapt for joy" in the womb - or did he?
Satanic Influence in Video Games and Television.
Moving Mountains: Matthew 21:21
Not a hair shall be lost? Luke 21:16 versus Luke 21:18.
The reign of antichrist: 7 years or 3 and 1/2 years?
The Trinity in Scripture.
The Ark of the Covenant.
"Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6" and "Ezekiel 9:4 and the Mark of the Beast"
"Word Counts in the Bible", "Him whom they Pierced (Rev.1:7)", and "Necromancy".
"Waiting for a Savior" and "The Direction East in the Bible"
Is there a purgatory according to the Bible?
Your desire shall be for your husband: Genesis 3:16.
Have I committed the unforgivable sin?
Is the local church meant to be a patriarchy?
Why doesn't the Bible mention all of the prophets of the children of Israel?
The True "Victorious Life".
Tohu in Genesis 1:2 and the Cause of the Darkness.
Why Doesn't God Prevent All Children from Dying?
Why were Christians being regarded as "evil-doers" in 1st Peter 2:12?
The Scofield Reference Bible.
Phylacteries and the Mark of the Beast, and "What about Joseph?"
Feeling desperate and alone.
Is Tithing net or gross?
Assembly of the local church, and Jesus' use of "I AM" from Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58
The "burden of the Lord" in Jeremiah 23:32-40, and judgment for idle words in Matthew 12:36-37.
The importance of spiritual resiliency.
Does God use disease to discipline us?
Recovering from Cult Exposure.
Variability in Christian Testing and Personal Tribulation.
Is there any value to the Apocrypha?
The Communion Ceremony outside of the local church.
The Christian Walk, the End, and Tattoos.
Should Christians honor Sunday as the new Sabbath?
Chronological order of the books of the Bible.
Doubt, light, missed opportunities et al.
Addicted to Sin.
Corporate prayer in Matthew 18:19: "when two agree on earth".
What does the Bible say about humor?
The value of cumulative prayer.
Our Heavenly, Pre-Resurrection, Interim State.
How could a loving God order the destruction of the Canaanites?
Should Christians observe the Torah?
Church Polity and three other passages.
Walking with Jesus.
Tongues: does 'no man' understand?
The few saved, the door in heaven, visions of heavenly realities, and Christmas.
Christian suffering and spiritual maturity.
Aliens, antichrist, and eschatology.
Does exceptionally sinful behavior indicate that a Christian has lost salvation?
Should Christians celebrate Jewish festivals?
The Deaths of the 12 Disciples / Apostles of Christ.
Categories of Sin in Psalm 19.
Some brief answers on a variety of topics.
Pastoral Support, Pastoral Preparation, and the Purpose of Assembly.
Encouragement, Isaiah 6:11-13, and the Hope of Repentance.
Questioning the Genesis Gap.
Dinosaurs, the Nephilim, Noah, et al.
How much should we pay our pastor?
More about Women Preachers.
Is it wrong for me to celebrate Easter?
The Remnant in Isaiah 6:13.
The Big Distinction.
The Day of the Lord in 2nd Peter 3:10.
The Day of the Lord.
The Sealing of the Holy Spirit.
Visions of Angels: Colossians 2:18.
Waiting on God's timing: patience in testing.
"Your Throne, O God": Psalm 45:6.
Moses striking the Rock.
Procreation and Creation.
What is meant by the phrase "the Lord's footstool"?
1st Peter 3:3-5
A conversation about divorce and remarriage.
Faith in the midst of the fiery trial.
Hebrews 10:26 again, and two other notes on Arthur Pink and the Greek word diakonos.
What is the correct translation of Isaiah 59:19?
Is the star of Acts 7:43 the star of David?
Some questions about Nimrod and Christmas trees, Tongues, and Healing
Is Jesus the only One ever to restore sight?
What happens to people who were born and died prior to the birth of Christ?
Which is better, the King James Version or the New King James Version?
What is the minimum necessary to be saved?
How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 2)?
How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 1)?
Psalm 22:1, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"
The "Mind of Christ" in 1st Corinthians 2:16
Simeon and Simon, and the two crows of the rooster
Ichthys, saints, and the Last Adam
Does Hebrews 10:26 teach loss of salvation?
Eternal security: where does one draw the line?
Who are Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38-39?
How did John the baptist come to doubt Jesus?
Is Jesus literally seated on the throne at God's right hand?
Are the Celts the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?
Whatever happened to the "Genesis Gap"?
"The baptism which now saves you": 1st Peter 3:21.
Hebrew Language Study Tools.
What type of healing is being discussed in Isaiah 53:5?
The Origin of the Four Seasons
2nd Peter 3:5: Doubting the Tribulation
Tent-making and Galatians 6:6
A Question about Ichthys books
Biblical Metaphors and Symbolism
Faith and the Pre-Tribulational "Rapture".
Bible translation and John 8:58.
Melchizedek and the high priesthood of Christ: two questions et alia.
In need of encouragement.
The centurion and the Syro-Phoenician woman.
Who is the Meshiach?
A Sadducean Question
What is "heaven" like according to Christian teachings?
Acts 20:28: Whose Blood?
1st Corinthians 11: Hats or Hair?
Confession of Sin, Fellowship, and the Filling of the Holy Spirit.
A Miscellany of Questions and Answers (Nineveh, the beast, tongues, demons, Sadam, etc.)
Some Greek Questions in the Gospels (John 1:3; 2:19; 8:58; Luke 23:43)
Is Man trichotomous, and does that mean that salvation is three-tiered?
Questioning the Trinity
The blood of Christ
Christ knocking at the door in Revelation 3:20
The futility of memory without God and eternal life.
The meaning of Jesus' words, "I am" in John 8:58
What does the Bible say about Heaven and Hell?
Peace in 1st Corinthians 14:33
Salvation and Church Affiliation.
Several questions on the book of Hebrews.
Does the Bible prohibit women from preaching or teaching in the Church?
Should Christian leaders refrain from drinking in public?
How to use the Bible translations at Ichthys.
The Worship of Jesus: a proof of His divinity?
An Extended Conversation about the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.
Is water baptism required for Christians today?
Are health and wealth a part of the gospel?
Will those in Hades be able to see Christ's return?
Feelings of Guilt about Remarriage.
Who are the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?
What does "the Word was with God" mean in John 1:1-2?
Three questions on three verses in Isaiah (Is.21:4; 28:10, & 66:24).
How important is education for a pastor?
Does Hebrews 10:26-35 ("deliberate sinning" etc.) mean that a believer can lose his or her salvation?
Availability and use of Ichthys materials: several questions.
Is there any difference between demons and fallen angels?
Two questions about Judas Iscariot.
Three Questions about Tattoos and Salvation.
The Hebrew word for 'one' (`echadh) and the uniqueness of God.
Did the witch of Endor really conjure up the spirit of Samuel?
A Question about the "Waters Above".
Why did God the Father wait so long to send Jesus into the world?
How does being "slain in the Spirit" relate to being baptized in the Spirit?
How do you prove the existence of God?
Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God?
Is it ever Justifiable to Tell a Lie (part 2)?
Seeing double in Matthew.
Mary, Joseph, and Nazareth.
Is the Westminster Catechism a Good Reference Tool?
What does it mean "the spirit returns to God" in Ecclesiastes 12:7?
Is there any Connection between biblical Gemstones and Moral Characteristics?
Are Miraculous Gifts Operational Today?
Jesus Christ in the Old Testament (Christophany: Gen.3:8).
Can those in organizations which teach "salvation by works" be saved?
Is "helpmeet" a wrong translation in Genesis 2:20?
Our will and God's WILL.
Cast thy Bread upon the Waters: What do the seven and eight portions in Ecclesiastes 11:2 mean?
Was Cain Satan's literal "seed"?
The Demon Possessed Girl in Acts 16:16.
The "Sin unto Death" in 1st John 5:16.
Is death just a natural part of human life?
Communion and the Blood of Christ.
What does it mean in 1st Corinthians 7:14, "the unbelieving husband is sanctified"?
The Re-institution of the Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium.
Secular Documentation for the Exodus.
The false doctrine of "soul sleep".
The Author of Hebrews and Jesus' Perfect Completion of His Mission.
The Trinity in Isaiah 63:10-15.
How old was Jesus at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection?
Five Smooth Stones: 1st Samuel 17:40
How can we know the Bible is true?
The name "Jesus".
Habakkuk's Prosperity Prayer: Habakkuk 3:17-19.
Jeremiah 31:22: "A Woman shall Compass a Man".
The New International Version of the Bible and some issues in Bible translation.
Is "the Prophet" of Deuteronomy 18:18 Muhammad?
The One True God and the Trinity in the Old Testament.
Are those in Hebrews 6:4 who "crucify the Son of God afresh" lost?
Are New Bible Translations Part of a Conspiracy?
What exactly is the "red heifer prophecy", and how does it relate to the events of the end times?
Where did the waters of Genesis 1 go?
Sin, Baptism, and the Book of
Tithing and the Book of Life
The Dangers of the Prosperity Gospel.
English and the Tower of Babel.
The "Seven Thunders" of Revelation 10:3-4
The fate of the unrighteous dead in Isaiah 66:24
Who are the "sons of the kingdom" in Matthew 18:11-12?
Why does Judah get greater honor than Jerusalem in Zechariah 12:7?
Are there Female Angels?
Longevity in the Millennium.
How is the date of Easter computed?
What is the meaning of the 1290 days versus the 1335 days in Daniel 12?
What Church era are we now in?
The mark of the beast.
Christophany in the Exodus.
Can you explain "help my unbelief!" in Mark 9:24?
What does it mean to "overcome" in Revelation chapters 2 and 3?
Are women required to wear veils or hats in
Is the world about to come to an end?
Does the Bible ever describe the earth as being round?
Pre-, mid-, or post-Tribulation rapture?
Pearls before swine.
Recognizing the Messiah.
The gift of healing.
The origin and fate of the "giants" in Genesis chapter six.
Christian suffering - Christian encouragement.
Is speaking in tongues biblical?
Is speaking in tongues a sin?
Can you recommend a good commentary on the book of Romans?
Aspects of the resurrection.
The recipients of Peter's epistles.
Pre- or Post-Tribulation "rapture"?
The lives of the prophets.
The old prophet who lied.
Animal sacrifice in the millennium.
Is it ever justifiable to lie?
wrote the King James version?
The meaning of the divine name יהוה.
The so-called "documentary hypothesis".
The relationship between the books of Kings and Chronicles.
David's disastrous census of Israel.
Aspects of the Unseen Angelic Warfare and 666, the Mark of the Beast.
The 200 million strong demon army of Revelation 9:13.
Deliverance through Childbearing in 1st Timothy 2:15?
Some questions about the Tribulation.
More on divorce and remarriage.
Divorce and remarriage.
The antecedents of ICHTHYS.
What does it mean to "remember the Sabbath and keep it holy"?
The manner of the apostle Peter's death.
Wasn't Matthias the thirteenth apostle?
Forward progress necessary for salvation and spiritual growth.
The "seven days" of human history.
1st John 1:9 and confessing sin.
ICHTHYS and the role of traditional Christianity.
Can you recommend a good survey for the Old and New Testaments?
Where can I find more information on the "Genesis gap"?
Is Church membership an issue in salvation?
Can you recommend a church?
Are these materials available for purchase as books?
A bit of autobiography.
What is your opinion of the Abingdon one-volume Bible Commentary?
What is the significance of the number "20" in the Bible?
The 144,000 of Revelation chapters 7 and 14.
What is your view on predestination?
Who is "true Israel"?
The chronology of the date 2026.
Does baptism play a role in being born again?
Why does the devil have access to God while man cannot stand in His presence?
The structure of the book of Revelation.
What is your view of the rapture?
What is meant by the "10 days" of Revelation
Dragons in the Bible?
Are there apostles in the Church today?
What is the meaning of the word "chosen" in the Bible.
What are the most common Bible names?
What is the biblical significance of the number forty?
What does the Bible have to say about witchcraft?
How can I protect myself from false teaching?
Didn't the devil know he couldn't defeat God?
Are the Masons wrong according to the Bible?
Can the faith of "backsliders" be restored?
Are there biblical origins to mythology?
What does the phrase "sides of the pit" mean in Isaiah 14:15?
Can prayer be offered in the name of the Son?
Election and John 6:37?
Is it valid to celebrate Christmas?
Can you give me some information on divine names in the Bible?
What is the significance of name changes in the Bible?
Is faith a "gift of God"?
Is there a "gospel of Thomas"?
Is the nature of Man dichotomous or trichotomous?
Will the temple be rebuilt in Jerusalem?
Does the Bible teach a literal Millennium?
What does the word "good" mean in Genesis?
Who are "the dead" who "rise first" in 1st Thessalonians 4?
Are the Greek tenses in John 7:34 correctly translated?
Is the devil "mad" to oppose God?
Does the Bible require supporting
How can Jesus be a man and God at the same time?
How did people atone for intentional sin in Old Testament times?
What is the symbolism of the Lamb of God in Revelation?
Can you recommend some word study tools for Bible study?
Can people who commit suicide be saved?
Are tattoos biblical?
Is it "ichthys" or "ichthus"?
What is the difference between wisdom and discernment?
Marriage of Believers and Unbelievers.
Is hearing believing in John 6:35?
How certain a date is 2026?
Is Paul describing himself in Romans chapter seven?
Is tithing required for salvation?
What is the evidence for the "rapture"?
Is there any validity to the "prosperity gospel"?
Who are the "Nephilim" in Genesis chapter six?
Is there a literal "devil"?
What does the Bible have to say about reincarnation?
What is the unpardonable sin?
Believing the Bible for Spiritual Growth.
Why was the New Testament written in Greek?
What about those who have never heard of Christ?
What about elders and deacons?
Eternal Security and "sinless perfection".
Eternal Security and "salvation by works".
Does the Bible teach ex nihilo
When did Jesus first know He was God's Son?
Are there prophets today?
Despairing of life.
How important is baptism?
How could Christ have been three days and
Do Muslims worship the One true God?
What can I do about spiritual fainting?